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Fauré, Gabriel
AUTOGRAPH MANUSCRIPT OF THE SONG "LES PRÉSENTS" OP.46 NO.1, THE ORIGINAL VERSION IN F MAJOR FOR HIGH VOICE, SIGNED ON THE TITLE PAGE ("GABRIELFAURÉ"), [C.1888]
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266
Fauré, Gabriel
AUTOGRAPH MANUSCRIPT OF THE SONG "LES PRÉSENTS" OP.46 NO.1, THE ORIGINAL VERSION IN F MAJOR FOR HIGH VOICE, SIGNED ON THE TITLE PAGE ("GABRIELFAURÉ"), [C.1888]
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音樂藝術、中世紀與文藝復興時期手稿及歐陸古籍

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Fauré, Gabriel
AUTOGRAPH MANUSCRIPT OF THE SONG "LES PRÉSENTS" OP.46 NO.1, THE ORIGINAL VERSION IN F MAJOR FOR HIGH VOICE, SIGNED ON THE TITLE PAGE ("GABRIELFAURÉ"), [C.1888]
the Stichvorlage for the first edition, notated for voice and piano in dark brown ink on four systems per page, with a few deletions and alterations, including accidentals added in parentheses (not in the published editions), the title signed and annotated by the composer including the opus number, and dedication to Comte Robert de Montesquiou, marked up by and for the engraver in ink, pencil and crayon (including Hamelle's plate number: J.2853.H); together with, on two of the three blanks at the end, some working drafts for an instrumental chamber work, possibly partly in Faure's hand

5 pages, 4to (c.31.5 x 24cm), 12-stave paper by Lard Esnault, in all 2 bifolia including blanks and pencil sketches, title page in Faure's formal copperplate hand, with dedication and titles above the music in ink, markings in blue crayon by the engraver C.G. Roeder ("Hoch" etc.), original stitching, [c.1888], some staining from the engraver on the first and last pages


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來源

Adela Maddison (c.1862-1929), composer, friend and pupil of the composer, by descent.  She was "almost certainly one of the great loves of Fauré's life" (Orledge, pp.16-17).  In 1897, she provided an English translation for the publication by Metzler & Co. of Fauré's 'Clair de lune' op.46 no.2, the next song to 'Les Présents' in the Vingt Mélodies.

出版

This manuscript is not recorded in the literature on Fauré: cf R. Orledge, Gabriel Fauré (1979), p.290; J-M Nectoux, Gabriel Fauré: a musical life, (1991), p. 540; E.R. Phillips, Gabriel Fauré. A Guide to Research (2000), pp.10 & 111.  R. Howat & E. Kilpatrick, Gabriel Fauré.Complete Songs. Volume 2: 1884-1919. Critical Edition (2017), pp.141-142.  

相關資料

THE MANUSCRIPT IS UNRECORDED: it is the primary manuscript source for Fauré's Les Présents.  Autograph manuscripts of works by Fauré are rare at auction.

Fauré composed this mélodie in 1887 and it was first published separately by Hamelle with the plate number 2853.  This manuscript served as the engraver's model for that rare edition: there is a copy in the Bibliothèque Nationale (département Musique, L-13410), but we have not traced it in British or American libraries. The song was later re-engraved on three music pages and included in Hamelle's collection Vingt Mélodies, 2ème Recueil ('No.18', pp.73-75), with plate number 4103.  There was once also a later autograph, dated 27 January 1892, of the version transposed down to E-flat major, since lost : see D. Herlin, Collection Musicale François Lang. Abbaye de Royaumont (1993), no.1319 (illustrated on p.252).


Jean-Michel Nectoux regards 'Les Présents' as one of Fauré's most subtle songs, based on Villiers de l'Isle Adam's Contes cruels, also the source for his song 'Nocturne' (1886) op.43 no.2 (alluded to in the pencil annotation on the title-page). Roy Howat draws attention to the "new boldness and intensity in his composition of mélodies", at this time, prompted by the discovery of "the darker, more complex poetry of Villiers de l'Isle Adam and Verlaine", through the advocacy of the dedicatee of this song, Comte Robert de Montesquiou.   

音樂藝術、中世紀與文藝復興時期手稿及歐陸古籍

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