1521
1521

PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE COLLECTION, MARYLAND

Joshua Johnson (1765 - 1865)
DR. ANDREW AITKIN (1757-1809), MRS. ANDREW AITKIN (ELIZABETH AIKEN, 1761-1811) AND HER DAUGHTER, ELIZA AITKIN (1798-1885)
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1521

PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE COLLECTION, MARYLAND

Joshua Johnson (1765 - 1865)
DR. ANDREW AITKIN (1757-1809), MRS. ANDREW AITKIN (ELIZABETH AIKEN, 1761-1811) AND HER DAUGHTER, ELIZA AITKIN (1798-1885)
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拍品詳情

重要美洲文物

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Joshua Johnson (1765 - 1865)
DR. ANDREW AITKIN (1757-1809), MRS. ANDREW AITKIN (ELIZABETH AIKEN, 1761-1811) AND HER DAUGHTER, ELIZA AITKIN (1798-1885)
together with an embroidered needlework sampler by the hand of the daughter Eliza, inscribed Eliza Aitken is my name and with my needle I work the same And By This Work you may plainly see The Care my parents took of me / Baltimore November the 19 1804 Aged 6 years.
oil on canvas
Each portrait: 32 by 26 3/4 in.
circa 1805
Baltimore, Maryland
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來源

Descended in the family of Eliza Aitkin (1798-1885), who married Alfred Crawford;
To their son, William Crawford (b. 1825), who married Mary E. Trumble (b. 1834);
To his daughter, Mary Blair Crawford (b. 1855), who married John E. Briscoe;
To their son, William Crawford Briscoe (b. 1892), who married Sophie Gaither Smith (b. 1896);
To the present owner.

展覽

Travelling Exhibition, Joshua Johnson: Freeman and Early American Portrait Painter, Baltimore, Maryland, Maryland Historical Society; Colonial Williamsburg, The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center; New York, The Whitney Museum of American Art; Stamford, Connecticut, The Whitney Museum of American Art, September 1987-November 1988, cat. no. 29 and 30.

出版

Carolyn Weekley and Stiles Tuttle Colwill, Joshua Johnson: Freeman and Early American Portrait Painter, (Baltimore, Maryland and Colonial Williamsburg: Maryland Historical Society and Addy Aldrich Rockefeller Folk Art Center, 1987), p. 124-125, cat no. 29 and 30.

相關資料

Dr. Andrew Aitkin was born in Paisley, Scotland, coming to America sometime prior to 1780, when he married Elizabeth Aitkin of Philadelphia.  His obituary in the Baltimore Federal Gazette (April 10, 1809) mentions his service during the Revolutionary War as a surgeon under the command of General Richard Montgomery.  Around 1783, Andrew and Elizabeth moved to Baltimore, soon after he opened a drug store in Fells Point.  Listed among the debts of his estate was $9.99 by a Joshua Johnson, though it is unclear if this is the artist of the presently offered works or the some other similarly named person.1 

Elizabeth (born Aiken) was born in Philadelphia in 1761.  Her brother, George Aiken (1765-1832), was a well-known silversmith who moved from Philadelphia to Baltimore around the time that Elizabeth and her new husband relocated there.  Elizabeth and Andrew had ten children, including Eliza who is shown with her mother. Eliza was born in Baltimore in 1798 and died there in 1885.2   

1 Weekly and Colwill, Joshua Johnson: Freeman and Early American Portrait Painter (1987), p. 29.
2 See ibid, p. 31.

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