33
33
Jules Bastien-Lepage
LE PETIT RAMONEUR (DAMVILLERS)
Estimation
120 000180 000
Lot. Vendu 212,500 USD (Prix d’adjudication avec commission acheteur)
ACCÉDER AU LOT
33
Jules Bastien-Lepage
LE PETIT RAMONEUR (DAMVILLERS)
Estimation
120 000180 000
Lot. Vendu 212,500 USD (Prix d’adjudication avec commission acheteur)
ACCÉDER AU LOT

Details & Cataloguing

European Art

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Jules Bastien-Lepage
1848 - 1884
LE PETIT RAMONEUR (DAMVILLERS)
signed J. BASTIEN –LEPAGE and dated 1883 (lower left)
oil on canvas
40 1/4 by 45 5/8 in.
102 by 116 cm
Lire le rapport d'état Lire le rapport d'état

We are grateful to Professor Kenneth McConkey for kindly preparing this catalogue entry. 

Provenance

Estate of the artist (and sold, Vente J. Bastien-Lepage, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, May 11-12, 1885, lot 3) 
Maurice Fenaille Collection, Paris
Private Collection (by 1940)
Thence by descent to the present owner (by 1967)

Exposition

Paris, École Nationale des Beaux-Arts, Jules Bastien-Lepage, March - April 1885, no. 193 
Paris, Exposition Universelle, 1889, no. 21, illustrated

Bibliographie

C.B., “Bastien-Lepage,” Le Soir, December 12, 1884
“Nécrologie,” La Liberté, December 12, 1884
Albert Leroy, “Au jour le jour. Bastien-Lepage,” La Presse, December 12, 1884
“Jules Bastien-Lepage,” La Ville de Paris, December 12, 1884
Philippe Burty, “Jules Bastien-Lepage,” La République française, December 13, 1884
“La mort et les obsèques de Bastien-Lepage,” Journal d’Indre-et-Loire, December 14, 1884
L’Evènement, December 15, 1884
Emmanuel Ducros, “Bastien-Lepage,” L’Artiste, 1884, vol. 120, p. 390-94
Louis de Fourcaud, Bastien-Lepage, sa vie, ses œuvres, 1848-1884, Paris, 1885, n.p., illustrated (the print after Le petit ramoneur (Damvillers))
André Theuriet, ‘Jules Bastien-Lepage, L’Homme et L’Artiste’, Revue des Beaux Arts, 1885, p. 831
Armand Dayot, Un siècle d’art. Notes sur la peinture française à l’exposition centennale des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1890, p. 117
André Theuriet, Jules Bastien-Lepage and his Art, A Memoir, London, 1892, pp. 69, 132, illustrated
“Jules Bastien-Lepage,” La Lorraine Artiste, July 30, 1893, p. 491
Julia Cartwright, Jules Bastien-Lepage, London, 1894, p. 71, illustrated
Henry Roujon ed., Bastien-Lepage, n.p., circa 1913, p. 64, illustrated
Fr. Crastre, Bastien-Lepage, New York, 1914, p. 60, illustrated
“Bastien-Lepage 1848-1884,” Les Peintres Illustres, vol. 47, circa 1930, p. 62, pl. VII
P. Errard, Commémoration du Centenaire de la naissance de Jules Bastien-Lepage (1848-1884), Verdun, 1948, p. 63
W. S. Feldman, Jules Bastien-Lepage, His Life and Work 1848-1884, Ph.D. dissertation, New York, 1973, p. 175-6, illustrated fig. 67
Philippe Pagnotta, Jules Bastien-Lepage, Damvilliers 1848-Paris, 1884, exh. cat., Musée de la Princerie, Verdun and Musée, de la Citadelle, Montmédy, 1984, p. 127, illustrated
Marie-Madeleine Aubrun, Jules Bastien-Lepage, catalogue raisonné de l'Oeuvre, 1985, p. 266, no. 436, illustrated (location unknown)
Dominique Lobstein, Jules Bastien-Lepage 1848-1884, exh. cat., Musée d’Orsay, Paris, 2007, p. 39 (the 1881 engraving illustrated)

Description

The social sciences, as we understand them today, are one of the principal legacies of the nineteenth century. In the modern sense, they began with the multi-volume Les Français peints par Eux-Mêmes in the 1840s and spread to Henry Mayhew’s documentation of London Labour and the London Poor two decades later.1 Both concentrated on "types" and occupations, for which artist-recorders, Paul Gavarni in one, and Gustave Doré in the other, were essential. Leading intellectuals poured over their plates, and their impact in the visual arts, in conditioning the thinking of the most radical painters of the age from Édouard Manet to Vincent Van Gogh, was enormous.

It is not surprising to find that Jules Bastien-Lepage, on regular visits to London around 1880, should have conceived the idea of painting a type très Anglais, for which a flower-seller and bootblack served.2 The same concept applied to his home village in the Meuse, where he would find a barge boy, a school-girl, a peddler and others. The present "chimney-sweep" forms part of this series.

Through it Bastien-Lepage was remaking genre painting. The diversions of a little cook or naughty schoolboy in the work of Pierre-Edouard Frère in the 1850s are brought to a much more serious conclusion in the present work. Where formerly Lepage’s country characters adopt frontal poses and are held in focus, this boy, unlike the barge boy and school-girl, is presented in situ, tempting the household cats with his frugal meal. And where formerly, such a moment would be captured on a small scale for the connoisseur’s cabinet, here the canvas is over a meter square. A poised cat, leather knee-pads, the "damper" from an iron stove, blackened hands, beautifully rendered, give more than circumstantial authenticity. They are part of the human chain that brings this character, these furnishings, in this moment, vividly alive. Naturalism, in short, achieves its fullest statement. We can almost say where precisely we are – for the chair in the background was a favorite of the artist’s grandfather (fig. 1).

André Theuriet reported that Bastien-Lepage was working on the canvas in March 1883, at the same time as he was sending his L’Amour au Village (Pushkin Museum, Moscow), an English-inspired theme, to the Salon. He declared that in this scene of rustic lovers he was hoping to express a "very English sentiment." It was not "sentimental" in our modern sense, so much as the feeling of the moment expressed objectively. In the same way with Le petit ramoneur, the coarse, maudlin amusements of Paul-Charles Chocarne-Moreau are rejected. Few around him could achieve this rigour, this linear precision, this depth of scrutiny that we find in Bastien-Lepage.

A watercolour version, presumably a study of the Ramoneur appeared in the studio sale but has since disappeared, and a fine engraving by the artist’s friend, Charles Baude, is known.

1 See for instance, Luce Abélès and Ségolène Le Men, Les Français peints par Eux-Mêmes, 1993 (exhibition catalogue, Musée d'Orsay, Paris).

2 For reference to Bastien-Lepage’s Little London Bootblack and London Flower Seller (sold in these rooms, May 7, 2015, lot 6), see Lobstein, 2007, no. 53, 55.

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