Key to Lots Symbols

Symbols 

 Definition

UK: Firearms/R.F.D. Permit
Lots marked "" will not be delivered to purchasers without production of a valid United Kingdom Firearm Certificate or R.F.D. Permit.
VAT applies to hammer price and buyer's premium
Used in Holland only. For lots marked "" normal VAT rules apply and the standard VAT will be charged on both hammer price and premium.
VAT applies to hammer price and buyer's premium
For lots marked "" normal VAT rules apply and the standard rate of VAT will be charged on both hammer price and premium. In France the reduced rate is applied where the item is defined as a book for VAT purposes. In Australia GST is charged at the standard rate on both hammer price and premium.
VAT applies to buyers outside EU
Used in the United Kingdom only. For lots marked "" where the buyer is from within the EU the lot is sold as if it had no VAT symbol. Where the buyer resides outside the EU the lot is invoiced as if it bore the "" symbol.
VAT standard rate
Lots marked "" are being sold whilst subject to Temporary Importation, and VAT is due at the standard rate.
VAT reduced rate
UK - Lots marked "" are being sold whilst subject to Temporary Importation, and VAT is due at the reduced rate which applies to hammer price only.
France - Lots marked "" are being sold whilst subject to Temporary Importation, and VAT is due at the reduced rate which applies to hammer price only unless the lot is defined as a book for VAT purposes.
The Netherlands – Lots marked "" have been imported into the Netherlands for sale. VAT is due on the buyer's premium at a rate of 19% (buyer's premium is charged inclusive of VAT). VAT is due on the hammer price at a rate of 19%.
Italy - Please note that this item has been imported under a temporary customs licence. The hammer price for the lot, and the Artist's Resale Right, where applicable, will be subject to a reduced rate of VAT (currently at a rate of 10%) for Italian residents only. The cost of €300 regarding the final importation will be at the buyer's expense. Sotheby’s will not be responsible for timing of the closure of the temporary importation.
Lot imported for sale
Lots marked "" have been imported into the Netherlands for sale. VAT is due on the buyer's premium at a rate of 19% (buyer's premium is charged inclusive of VAT). VAT is due on the hammer price at a rate of 6%.
Temporary Artistic Importation Licence
Used in Italy only. Lots marked with this symbol have been imported under temporary artistic importation licence.
Forced Clearance Sale
Lots marked "" are offered as part of a forced clearance sale following a bankruptcy proceeding.
Alternate Warehouse
Lots marked "" will be sent to an alternate warehouse location as specified in the catalogue's Special Notes.
Guaranteed Property
The seller of lots marked with an "" has been guaranteed a minimum price from one auction or a series of auctions. If every lot in a catalogue is guaranteed, the Conditions of Sale will so state and this symbol "" will not be used for each lot.
Artist's Resale Right
Purchase of lots marked with this symbol will be subject to the payment of the artist's resale right.
Reserves
Unless marked with an "" all lots in this catalogue are offered subject to a reserve. A reserve is the confidential minimum auction price established between Sotheby's and the seller and below which a lot will not be sold. The reserve is generally set at a percentage of the low estimate and will not exceed the low estimate of the lot. If any lots in the catalogue are offered without reserve, such lots will be designated by the letter "". If every lot in a catalogue is offered without a reserve, the conditions of sale will so state and this symbol will not be used for each lot.
UK: Firearms Act 1968
Lots marked "" will not be delivered to purchasers without production of a valid United Kingdom Shotgun Certificate or R.F.D. Permit.
Important Notice
Please see the Important Notice section of the catalogue regarding lots marked """. 
US Watch Import Restriction
Lots marked "" are subject to this important notice regarding importation into the United States of Corum, Rolex, Piaget or Franck Muller watches. Sotheby's cannot arrange for the delivery of Corum, Rolex, Piaget or Franck Muller watches to the United States because U.S. laws restricts the import of Corum, Rolex, Piaget or Franck Muller watches. The buyer or a designated agent may collect the property in the country of sale.
Sotheby's Ownership Interest
Lots marked "" indicate that Sotheby's owns the lot in whole or in part or has an economic interest in the lot equivalent to an ownership interest.
UK: Firearms (Amendment) Act 1997
Lots marked "" will not be released to purchasers without the Authority of the Secretary of State of the United Kingdom under Section 5 to purchase or acquire prohibited weapons to which section 5(1)(aba) of the act applies. For further information please contact the Sporting Gun Department.



UK: Greenford Park Warehouse
Lots marked "" will be sent to Greenford Park Warehouse immediately after the auction.
UK: Rumsey's Warehouse
Lots marked "" will be sent to Rumsey's Storage Warehouse immediately after the auction.
Authorship
Lots marked with the "asterisk" or "star" symbol "" are ascribed to the named artist subject to the qualifications set forth in the glossary and conditions of sale, which are contained in the back of the published catalogue for this sale.
Margin Scheme
Only used in United Kingdom Book catalogues. As the majority of lots in a book catalogue will be defined as books for VAT purposes and therefore not liable to VAT on either hammer price or buyer's premium, this hash mark symbol "" is used to indicate where the lot does not meet the appropriate definition. The lot will be sold subject to the margin scheme and an amount in lieu of VAT at the standard rate will be charged upon the premium only.
Irrevocable Bids
Lots with this symbol "" indicate that a party has provided Sotheby's with an irrevocable bid on the lot that will be executed during the sale at a value that ensures the lot will sell. The irrevocable bidder, who may bid in excess of the irrevocable bid, will be compensated based on the final hammer price in the event he or she is not the successful bidder. If the irrevocable bidder is the successful bidder, they will be required to pay the full Buyer's Premium and will not be otherwise compensated. If the irrevocable bid is not secured until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that there is an irrevocable bid on the lot. (Effective for sales commencing October 20, 2008)
Interested Parties
Lots with this symbol "" indicate that parties with a direct or indirect interest in the lot may be bidding on the lot, including (i) the beneficiary of an estate selling the lot, or (ii) the joint owner of a lot. If the interested party is the successful bidder, they will be required to pay the full Buyer's Premium. In certain instances, interested parties may have knowledge of the reserve. In the event the interested party's possible participation in the sale is not known until after the printing of the auction catalogue, a pre-lot announcement will be made indicating that interested parties may be bidding on the lot. (Effective for sales commencing October 20, 2008)
Monumental Item
Lots with this symbol "" may, in our opinion, require special handling or shipping services due to size or other physical considerations. Bidders are advised to inspect the lot and to contact Sotheby's prior to the sale to discuss any specific shipping requirements.
Restricted Species
Lots with this symbol "" have been identified at the time of cataloguing as containing organic material which may be subject to restrictions regarding import or export. The information is made available for the convenience of Buyers and the absence of the Symbol is not a warranty that there are no restrictions regarding import or export of the Lot; Bidders should refer to Condition 10 of the Conditions of Business for Buyers. Please also refer to the section on Endangered Species in the information on Buying at Auction.
Premium Lots
In order to bid on "Premium Lots" ( or the paddle symbol in print catalogue ) you must complete the required Premium Lot preregistration application and deliver to Sotheby's such necessary financial references, guarantees, deposits and/ or such other security as Sotheby's may in its absolute discretion require, as security for your bid. Sotheby's decision whether to accept any pre-registration application shall be final. We recommend you contact Sotheby's at least 3 working days prior to the relevant sale in order to process the pre-registration, and please bear in mind that we are unable to obtain financial references over weekends or public holidays. If all lots in the catalogue are "Premium Lots", a Special Notice will be included to this effect and the paddle symbol will not be used. The BIDnow online bidding service is not available for premium lots.