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Details & Cataloguing

The Orientalist Sale

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Londres

447 Vienna Bronzes, including from the Franz Bergmann Foundry
approximately 100 pieces stamped with the Bergmann foundry mark
cold painted bronze
various sizes, ranging in height from circa 3cm. to 35cm.
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Nota del catálogo

Franz Xaver Bergmann (1861–1936) was the owner of arguably the most famous of the fifty or so Viennese foundries producing 'Vienna bronzes' at the turn of the twentieth century. Bergmann's patinated and cold-painted bronze Orientalist figures and lamps brought him international fame. His foundry mark consisted of a letter B in an urn-shaped cartouche (fig. 1). His father, Franz Bergmann (1838–94), was a professional chaser from Gablonz who came to Vienna and founded a small bronze factory in 1860. Franz Jnr. inherited the company and opened a new foundry in 1900. Many of the bronzes from the 1900s were based on designs from his father's workshop.

Bergmann's workshops employed many anonymous sculptors and artisans. Cold-painted bronze refers to pieces decorated in several layers with so-called dust paint; the colour was not fired, hence 'cold painted', often by women working from home. This made each piece unique, for while they were cast in small editions of ten to thirty pieces, each was individually chased and coloured by hand. The Bergmann foundry was forced to close in 1930 with the onset of the Great Depression. It was reopened some years later by Franz's son, Robert, and operated until his death in 1954 when the remaining stock and moulds were sold to Karl Fuhrmann & Co.

The Orientalist Sale

|
Londres