The Man Ray Trust was formed by Juliet Man Ray (1911-1991), widow of the artist, for her benefit and later for her heirs and their descendants. The Trust’s collection of works by Man Ray comes directly from the Estate of the artist.

Upon the demise of Juliet Man Ray, a significant number of works by Man Ray, including the artist’s photographic archives, were donated to the French Government (Dation Juliet Man Ray, 1994). This important collection is held at the Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris. In 1995, the Man Ray Trust and the estate of Juliet Man Ray entrusted Sotheby’s with the sale of over five hundred works by Man Ray. The auction was a resounding success and all works were sold.

Nearly twenty years later, once again the Man Ray Trust has instructed Sotheby’s to organise this second auction of works by Man Ray coming directly from the artist’s estate. The provenance for each lot in this auction is:

Provenance:
Estate of the artist (1976)
Juliet Man Ray (widow of the artist), until 1991
Man Ray Trust, USA


Unless otherwise stated in the description, the photographs offered in this sale are vintage or period prints and/or bear the ‘Man Ray Trust Archive’ stamp with the inventory number annotated in pencil and/or the ‘MR Archive’ stamp on the reverse.


Sotheby’s would like to express their gratitude to the following individuals for their invaluable assistance in researching the works featured in this auction: Timothy Baum, Wendy A. Grossman, GianCarlo Montebello, Larry List and Francis Naumann.


Selection of stamps on the reverse of photographs presented in this catalogue and mentioned in the lot descriptions:

ManRay_compbis

For a detailed analysis of the stamps appearing on Man Ray photographs, please see Steven Manford, Behind the Photo: The Stamps of Man Ray, Paris, 2009.



CHRONOLOGY

 

NEW YORK

1890  Man Ray, born Emmanuel Radnitzky in Philadelphia on 27 August 1890.

1897  Radnitzky family moves to Brooklyn.

1908  Graduates from high school and works as an engraver’s apprentice before taking a job as a graphic artist for an advertising company.

1910  Studies at the National Academy of Design, New York.


1911-12  His family changes their name to “Ray”. Attends classes at the Ferrer Center, New York.

1913  Visits the Armory Show in New York. Moves to an artist’s colony at Ridgefield, New Jersey. Meets the Belgian poet Adon Lacroix on 27 August; they marry the following year.

1915  Purchases his first camera to take photographs of his paintings. Meets Marcel Duchamp during a visit to Ridgefield in the autumn. Moves to New York; first one-man exhibition at the Daniel Gallery, New York.

1916  Begins Revolving Doors collage series, completes the painting The Rope Dancer Accompanies Herself With Her Shadows (MoMA).

1917  Begins airbrush paintings. 1919 Separates from Adon Lacroix.

1920  Duchamp and Man Ray collaborate on several projects. With Katherine Dreier, they establish the Société Anonyme, the first museum devoted to modern art.

1920-21  Photographs Duchamp as Rose Selavy; together they publish the single issue of New York Dada. Writes to Tzara that “Dada cannot live in New York. All New York is Dada and cannot tolerate a rival.” Duchamp departs for Paris in June and Man Ray joins him there on 22 July.

 

PARIS


1921  Duchamp introduces him to the Paris Dadaists. Lives in attic room at 22 rue de la Condamine. First one-man exhibition at Librairie Six in December. Creates flat-iron ready-made Cadeau. Moves to a room at Hôtel des Ecoles, rue Delambre. Meets Kiki de Montparnasse.

1922  In his hotel room, creates his first Rayograph by chance. Meets and photographs many artists and writers including Gertrude Stein, Cocteau, Picasso, Braque and Gris. Moves to a studio at 31bis rue Campagne Première in Montparnasse. Publication of Champs Délicieux, with twelve Rayographs and preface by Tristan Tzara.

1923  Completes his first film Retour à la raison. Duchamp lives at Hôtel Istria, 29 rue Campagne Première, next door to Man Ray.

1924  Man Ray’s photograph Violon d’Ingres published in Littérature. Breton publishes Manifeste du Surréalisme. Photographs by Man Ray feature on cover of first issue of La Révolution surréaliste.

1925  Begins to do fashion work Vogue. Participates in first Surrealist group exhibition at Galerie Pierre.

1926  One-man exhibition at the Galerie Surréaliste. Filming of Emak Bakia in Biarritz and in Paris.

1928  Completes film L’Etoile de mer, based on poem by Robert Desnos.

1929  Films Les Mystères du Château du Dé at the Villa Noailles in the south of France.

1929  Meets Lee Miller in the summer; she was his collaborator and lover until 1932. Masters the technique of solarisation.

1932  Photographs Pablo Picasso. Participates in the Surrealist Exhibition at Julien Levy Gallery, New York.

1933  Shows work at the Exposition surréaliste, Galerie Pierre Colle, Paris.

1934  James Thrall Soby finances the publication of Man Ray Photographs 1920-1934 Paris. Completes the painting A l’Heure de l’observatoire – les amoureux.

1935  Moves to a new studio at 8 rue Val-de-Grâce, Paris. One-man show at Cahiers d’Art, Paris.

1936  Participates in the Exposition surréaliste d’objets at Galerie Ratton. Participates in organisation of the International Surrealist Exhibition
at the New Burlington Galleries, London. Attends the opening night of the exhibition Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism at MoMA, New York that includes several of his works.

1937  Abandons commercial photography in favour of painting and drawing. Moves to a studio at 40 rue Denfert-Rochereau. Publication of La photographie n’est pas l’art. Publication of 60 drawings in the book Les Mains Libres “illustrated” with poems by Paul Eluard.

1937-39  Relationship with Adrienne Fidelin (Ady); they spend their summers in the south of France, with Paul and Nusch Eluard, Roland Penrose and Lee Miller, Picasso and Dora Maar.

1938  Paints Portrait imaginaire de D.A.F. de Sade.


1940  Parts with Ady and escapes to United States, via Lisbon, in the summer. After a few weeks in New York, embarks on a road trip west.

 

HOLLYWOOD


1940  Arrives in Hollywood in early October. Meets Juliet Browner, a 28-year-old dancer from New York.


1941  Moves to a large studio at 1245 Vine Street with Juliet.

1943-45  Exhibitions at: the Art Museum, Santa Barbara; Pasadena Art Institute; Los Angeles County Museum; and Julien Levy Gallery, New York.

1946  Marries Juliet in a double wedding ceremony in Beverly Hills with Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning.

1947  Short summer visit to Paris with Juliet.
1948 Paints series Shakespearean Equations, exhibited at the Copley Galleries, Beverly Hills.

 

PARIS

1951  Departs for Paris with Juliet and moves into a studio at 2bis rue Férou.

1957  Participates in Dada exhibition at the Galerie de l’Institut, Paris.

1958  Begins series of Natural Paintings.

1962  Photographic retrospective at Bibliothèque nationale, Paris.

1963  Publication of his autobiography Self Portrait and a book of photographic portraits.

1966  First major retrospective exhibition at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

1971-72  Retrospective travelling exhibition in Rotterdam, Paris and Humlebaek.

1974  85th birthday exhibition at the Cultural Center, New York. Andy Warhol makes a series of paintings and serigraphs of Man Ray.

1976  Man Ray dies in Paris on 18 November 1976.

1991  Juliet Man Ray dies on 17 January 1991.


 

Abbreviations for Exhibition and Bibliography References

 

Lot descriptions:

·       Exhibition references specifically refer to the present works.

·       Unless otherwise indicated, bibliographic references for photographs indicate illustrations of different prints of the same photograph; “other cropping” refers to a print with a variant cropping; “variant” refers to a variant photograph.

·       For lots comprising several works, all exhibition and bibliographic references refer to at least one work in the respective lot.

·       Unless otherwise stated, illustrations of objects are of another example. The name of publisher of the edition appears in brackets.

 

Publications by Man Ray

Man Ray Photographs, 1934
Man Ray Photographs 1920-1934 Paris, Hartford, Conn.: James Thrall Soby, New York: Random House & Paris: Cahiers d’Art, 1934

Minotaure, 1934
Man Ray, “Danses-Horizons”, Minotaure, no. 5 (12 mai 1934), pp. 27-29

Man Ray Folio, 1943
Man Ray, “Man Ray Folio”, Minicam Photography, octobre 1943, pp. 50-56

San Francisco, 1948
Man Ray, “Juan Gris – Joan Miro – Pablo Picasso”, Picasso Gris Miro, exh. cat., San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Art, 1948

Man Ray Portraits, 1963
Man Ray Portraits, L. Fritz Gruber, éd., Paris/ Gütersloh, 1963

Self Portrait, 1963
Man Ray, Self Portrait, Boston & London, 1963

Autoportrait, 1964
Man Ray, Autoportrait, Paris, 1964

Oggetti d’affezione, 1970
Man Ray, Oggetti d’affezione, Milan, 1970

The Fifty Faces of Juliet, 1981
Man Ray, I 50 volti di Juliet, Milan, 1981

Self Portrait, 1988
Man Ray, Self Portrait, Boston, 1988

 

Man Ray Trust Exhibitions

West Palm Beach, 1994-95
Man Ray’s Man Rays, exh. cat., West Palm Beach: Norton Gallery of Art, 1994-95

Madrid, Paris & Berlin, 2007-10
Atelier Man Ray – Unconcerned But Not Indifferent, exh. cat., travelling exhibition, page numbers refer to the Paris, 2008 catalogue:

- Madrid: PHotoEspaña, Museo Colecciones ICO, 2007

- A Coruña: SEDE Fundación Caixa Galicia, 2007-08

- Paris: Pinacothèque de Paris, 2008

- Berlin: Martin-Gropius-Bau, 2008

- Nuoro, Sardinia: Museo d’arte provincial, 2008-09

- The Hague: Fotomuseum, 2009

- Calheta, Madeira: Casa das Mudas, 2009-10

Tokyo, 2010
Man Ray: Unconcerned But Not Indifferent, exh. cat., Tokyo: National Art Center & Osaka: National Museum of Art, 2010

 

General Sources

Anselmino, 1973
Luciano Anselmino, Man Ray, Opera Grafica, Turin, 1973

Anvers, 1994
Man Ray 1890-1976, exh. cat., Antwerp: Ronny Van de Velde, 1994

Art Vivant, 1985
Kishin Shinoyama, “Man Ray’s Atelier”, Art Vivant (Tokyo), no. 15, 1985 (photographies de l’atelier de Man Ray, rue Férou, Paris)

Baldwin, 1988
Neil Baldwin, Man Ray, American Artist, New York, 1988

Baum, 1989
Timothy Baum, Man Ray Paris Portraits: 1921-39, Washington, D.C., 1989

Baum, 1998
Timothy Baum, Man Ray’s Paris Portraits: 1921-39, exh. cat., St Petersburg: Salvador Dalí Museum, 1998

Benincasa/Siena, 1975
Carmine Benincasa & Roberto Maria Siena, Man Ray, Les heures heureuses, Rome, 1975

Bourgeade, 2007
Pierre Bourgeade, Buenas Noches, Man Ray, Conversaciones con el artista, Madrid, 2007

Breton, 1936
André Breton, “Le Château étoilé”, Minotaure, no. 8, 1936, pp. 25-40

Breton, 1965
André Breton, Le Surréalisme et la peinture, Paris, 1965

Breton, 1991
André Breton, Je vois, j’imagine: Poèmes-objets, Paris, 1991

Brühl, 2013
Man Ray – Fotograf im Paris der Surrealisten, exh. cat., Brühl: Max Ernst Museum, 2013

Cahiers d’Art, 1935
“Essai de simulation du délire cinématographique”, Cahiers d’Art, no. 5-6, 1935, p. 107

Centre Pompidou, 1996
Collection de photographies du Musée national d’art moderne, 1905-1948, Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1996

Cologne, 2008
Man Ray, L. Fritz Gruber, Jahre einer Freundschaft. Years of Friendship 1956-1976, exh. cat., Cologne: Die Photogrpahische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur, 2008

Cologne, 2012
Ichundichundich. Picasso im Fotoporträt, exh. cat., Cologne: Museum Ludwig, 2012

Copenhagen, 2013-14
Man Ray, Syn & Tanke, exh. cat., Copenhagen: Øregaard Museum, 2013-14

Copley, 1963
William N. Copley, “Man Ray: The Dada of Us All”, Portfolio, no. 7 (Winter 1963), pp. 14-23, 109-111

Deauville, 1993
Man Ray Cinema, exh. cat., Deauville: Casino, 1993

Documents 34, 1934
Documents 34: Intervention surréaliste (Brussels), no. 1 (juin 1934)

Durozoi, 1997
Gérard Durozoi, Histoire du movement surréaliste, Paris, 1997

Francfort & Bâle, 1979-80
Man Ray, Inventionen und Interpretationen, exh. cat., Frankfurt: Kunstverein & Basel: Kunsthalle, 1979-80

Fukui, 2004
Man Ray, I Am An Enigma, exh. cat., Fukui Fine Arts Museum, 2004

Girona, 2006
Man Ray, Llums i somnis, exh. cat., Girona: Fundació Caixa de Girona, 2006

Guigon, 1997
Emmanuel Guigon, El Objeto surrealista, exh. cat., Valencia: IVAM Centre Julio González, 1997-98

Guigon, 2005
Emmanuel Guigon, L’Objet surréaliste, Paris, 2005

Halmstad, 2013
Man Ray, exh. cat, Halmstad: Mjelby Konstmuseum, 2013

Hamburg, 1987
Man Ray, exh. cat., Hamburg: Levy, 1987

Janus, 1973
Janus, Man Ray, Milan, 1973

Janus, 1977
Janus, Man Ray, L’Immagine Fotografica, Venice, 1977

Janus, 1981
Janus, Man Ray, Tutti gli scritti, Milan, 1981

Janus, 1990
Janus, Man Ray, Œuvres 1909-1972, Paris, 1990

Jean, 1960
Marcel Jean, The History of Surrealist of Painting, London, 1960

Kjersmeier, 1935
Carl Kjersmeier, Centres de style de la sculpture nègre Africaine, Paris & Copenhagen, 1935

Leiris, 1936
Michel Leiris, “Bois rituels des falaises”, Cahiers d’Art, vol. 11, no. 6-7 (1936), pp. 192-199

Lisbonne, 2000
Man Ray, exh. cat., Lisbon: Museo do Chiado, 2000

List, 2005
Larry List, The Imagery of Chess Revisited, exh. cat., New York: The Noguchi Museum, 2005

London & New York, 2001-02
Surrealism, Desire Unbound, London: Tate Modern & New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2001-02

London, 1969
Man Ray, exh. cat., London: Hanover Gallery, 1969

London, 2007
Surreal Things: Surrealism and Design, exh. cat., London: Victoria & Albert Museum, 2007

London, 2008-09
Duchamp, Man Ray, Picabia, exh. cat., London: Tate (& travelling), 2008-09

London, 2013
Man Ray Portraits, exh. cat., London: National Portrait Gallery (& travelling), 2013

Los Angeles, 1966
Man Ray, 1966, exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1966

Lugano 2011
Man Ray, exh. cat., Lugano: Museo d’Arte, 2011

Lund, 1986
Man Ray, exh. cat., Lund: Lunds Konsthall, 1986

Man Ray Portraits, 2010
Man Ray Portraits Paris–Hollywood–Paris, Centre Pompidou, Paris, 2010 [the illustrations are taken from the original negatives held by the Centre Pompidou]

Man Ray, 2009
Man Ray, Trees + Flowers – Insects Animals, John P. Jacob, éd., Göttingen, 2009

Milan, 1982
I Grandi Fotografi, Milan, 1982

Milan, 1998
Man Ray, exh. cat., Milan: Foro Buonaparte 50, 1998

Montclair, 2003
Francis M. Naumann, Conversion to Modernism: The Early Work of Man Ray, exh. cat., Montclair, NJ: Montclair Art Museum, 2003

New York, 1990-92
Man Ray / Bazaar Years: A Fashion Retrospective, exh. cat., New York: International Center of Photography (& travelling), 1990–92

New York, 2001-02
Man Ray in America, exh. cat., New York: Francis M. Naumann Fine Art, 2001-02

New York, 2009
Alias Man Ray, exh. cat., New York: Jewish Museum, 2009

Nice, 1997
Man Ray, Rétrospective 1912-1976, exh. cat., Nice: Musée d’art moderne et d’art contemporain, 1997

Objets de mon affection, 1983
Jean-Hubert Martin, Rosalind Krauss & Brigitte Hermann, Man Ray: Objets de mon affection, Sculptures et Objets, Catalogue raisonné, Paris, 1983

Ottinger, 2013
Didier Ottinger, éd., Dictionnaire de l’objet surréaliste, Paris: Centre Pompidou, 2013

Paris, 1981-82
Man Ray, exh. cat., Paris: Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, 1981-82

Paris, 1988
Man Ray, Peintures et dessins provenant de l’atelier, exh. cat., Paris: Galerie 1900-2000, 1988

Paris, 1989 (i)
Man Ray, 360 degrés de libertés, exh. cat., Paris: Trianon de Bagatelle, 1989

Paris, 1989 (ii)
Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, Francis Picabia, exh. cat., Paris: Galerie Montaigne, 1989

Paris, 1990
Assemblages, exh. cat., Paris: Galerie Marion Meyer, 1990

Paris, 1997
Patrick de Haas, Man Ray – directeur du mauvais movies, exh. cat., Paris: Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, 1997

Paris, 1998
Man Ray, La photographie à l’envers, exh. cat., Paris: Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, 1998

Paris, 2009
La Subversion des images, exh. cat., Paris: Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou (& travelling), 2009

Penrose, 1975
Roland Penrose, Man Ray, London, 1975

Princeton, 1963
Man Ray, Drawings, Watercolors, Rayograms, Chess Sets, Books, Objects, exh. cat., Princeton: University Art Museum, 1963

Ribemont-Dessaignes, 1929
Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, Man Ray, Paris, 1929

Rome, 1973
Man Ray, Opere 1914-1973, exh. cat., Rome: Galleria II Collezionista d’Arte Contemporanea, 1973

Rome, 1975
Man Ray, L’Occhio e il suo doppio, exh. cat., Rome: Palazzo delle Exposizioni, 1975

Rotterdam/Paris, 1971-72
Man Ray, exh. cat., Rotterdam: Museum Boijmans-van Beuningen & Paris: Musée national d’art moderne, 1971-72

Saint-Denis, 1995
Visages d’Eluard, photographies, exh. cat., Saint-Denis: Musée d’art et d’histoire, 1995

Salem, 2011-12
Man Ray / Lee Miller: Partners in Surrealism, exh. cat., Salem, Mass.: Peabody Essex Museum, 2011-12

Santa Monica, 1996-97
Man Ray Paris ~ LA, Santa Monica: Track 16 Gallery and Robert Berman Gallery, 1996-97

Schwarz, 1977
Arturo Schwarz, Man Ray, The Rigour of Imagination, London, 1977

Spies, 1979
Werner Spies, Sigrid Metken & Günter Metken, Max Ernst Oeuvre-Katalog, Vol. 4, Werke 1929-1938, Cologne, 1979

Sunday Times, 1968
“The Mysterious Art of Catherine Deneuve”, Sunday Times Magazine (London), 16 June 1968

Sydney, 2004
Man Ray 1890-1976, exh. cat., Sydney: Art Gallery of New South Wales, 2004

Thévenet, 1952
André Thévenet, “Man Ray”, Camera, no. 10, October 1952, pp. 358-362

Tokyo, 1984
Man Ray, exh. cat., Tokyo: Grande Galerie Odakyu, 1984

Tokyo, 1987
Man Ray, exh. cat., Tokyo: Soh Gallery, 1987

Tokyo, 1990-91
Man Ray, exh. cat., Tokyo: Sezon Museum of Art (& travelling), 1990-91

Tokyo, 1991-92
Man Ray et ses amis, exh. cat., Tokyo: The Bunkamura Museum of Art (& travelling), 1991-92

Tokyo, 1996-97
Man Ray, rétrospective photographique 1917-75, exh. cat., Tokyo: Tokyo Station Gallery (& travelling), 1996-97

Tokyo, 2002
Photographies de Man Ray, exh. cat., Tokyo: Bunkamura Museum, 2002

Turin, 1995-96
Man Ray – La Construzione dei sensi, exh. cat., Turin: Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, 1995-96

Valette, 1967
Robert D. Valette, Eluard, livre d’identité, Paris, 1967

Venice, 1990
Man Ray, Cent’anni di libertà 1890-1990, exh. cat., Venice: Palazzo Fortuny, 1990

Vienna, 1996-97
Man Ray: 1890-1976, Photographien, exh. cat., Rudolf Kicken, éd., Vienna: Kunst Haus Wien 1996-97

Vinca Masini, 1974
Lara Vinca Masini, Man Ray, Florence, 1974

Waldberg, 1981
Patrick Waldberg, Michel Sanouillet & Robert Lebel, Dada Surréalisme, Paris, 1981

Washington, D.C., 1985
L’Amour Fou, Photography and Surrealism, exh. cat., Washington, D.C.: Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1985

Washington, D.C., 1988-90
Perpetual Motif, The Art of Man Ray, Washington, D.C.: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution (& travelling), 1988-90

Washington, D.C., 2009-11
Wendy A. Grossman, Man Ray, African Art, and the Modernist Lens, Washington, D.C.: The Phillips Collection (& travelling), 2009-11

Washington, D.C., 2015
Man Ray–Human Equations, A Journey from Mathematics to Shakespeare, exh. cat., Washington, D.C.: The Phillips Collection (& travelling), 2015

Wolfsburg, 1994-95
Man Ray, Neues wie Vertrautes, Fotografien 1919-1949, exh. cat., Wolfsburg: Kunstmuseum, 1994-95

Zervos, 1932
Christian Zervos, “Quelques notes sur les sculptures de Giacometti”, Cahiers d’Art, vol. 7, no. 8-10 (1932), pp. 337-342

Zurich, 1988
Man Ray Photographien-Filme-Frühe Objekt, exh. cat., Zurich: Kunsthaus Zurich, Schweizerische Stiftung für die Photographie, 1988

Zurich, 2001-02
Sade Surreal, exh. cat., Zurich: Kunsthaus, 2001