Umberto di Cristina, Bugatti: Carlo, Rembrandt, Ettore: I mobile, I soprammobili, le automobile (exhibition catalogue), Rome, 1976, illustration of the plaster p. 12
Mary Harvey, The Bronzes of Rembrandt Bugatti (1885-1916): An Illustrated Catalogue and Biography,London, 1979, pp. 18 & 23
Philippe Dejean, Carlo, Rembrandt, Ettore, Jean Bugatti, Paris, 1981, illustration of another cast p. 210
Victoria Sandwick Schmitt, Four Centuries of Sporting Art: Selections from The John L. Wehle Collection, Gallery of Sporting Art, Genesee Country Museum, Mumford, New York, 1984, illustration of another cast p. 141
Jacques Chalom des Cordes & Véronique Fromanger des Cordes, Rembrandt Bugatti, Catalogue raisonné, Paris, 1987, illustration of another cast pp. 232-233
Bernard Lamarche-Vadel, ed., Bugatti, les meubles, Bugatti, les sculptures, Bugatti, les autos, Paris, 1995, p. 131
Henry H. Hawley, Bugatti (exhibition catalogue), The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1999, illustration of another cast p. 70
Edward Horswell, Rembrandt Bugatti, Life in Sculpture, London, 2004, illustrated pp. 208-09 and illustrations of another cast pp. 11, 17, 252, 255 & 265
Véronique Fromanger, Rembrandt Bugatti Sculpteur- Répertoire monographique, Paris, 2009, no. 234, illustration of another cast pp. 164, 171 & 310
Bugatti was unique among modernist sculptors in focusing on depictions of exotic animals. He was so fascinated by these creatures and their behavioral nuances that he studied them in person as much as he could, working primarily outdoors at the Jardin Zoologique in Antwerp after moving to the city in 1907. He rendered his figures in plastiline, a typical Italian modeling clay, using strokes of his thumbs. Following completion of his models, he worked with the Hébrard foundry with the aid of chief founder Albino Palazzolo, who cast the finished sculptures in bronze.
The present bronze is numbered 2 of only 11 recorded bronze casts created of this majestic figure of a baboon. Other casts of this work are in the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco and the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. The plaster cast of the model was donated by the founder Adrien Hébrard to the National Gallery of Modern Art in Rome in 1924.
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