Katherine (usually called 'Kate') Elizabeth Macready Perugini (1839-1929) was the daughter of Charles Dickens and the widow of the Pre-Raphaelite painter Charles Allston Collins, who died in 1873. Kate Perugini was herself a painter of genre and figure subjects, and one who enjoyed friendly relations with a number of fellow-artists and collectors. Kate was strikingly beautiful, with classical features and lustrous dark hair which she usually wore with a central parting and gathered at the back of her neck. John Everett Millais painted Kate on several occasions, notably as the model for the female figure in his painting The Black Brunswicker (National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside; Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight) in 1860, and later for a portrait that he exhibited at the Grosvenor Gallery in 1881. Perugini himself seems to have taken pleasure in painting her, both in modern-life and historical guises. One of the most elaborate of his many works – which combine accuracy of likeness with an historical flavor – is a painting entitled Doubt (Christie’s, London, 19 November 1965, lot 20) – in which Kate appears with her sister Mollie.