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Details & Cataloguing

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ORLAN-M [ОРЛАН]
AN ORLAN-M ("SEA EAGLE") EVA (EXTRA VEHICULAR ACTIVITY AKA SPACEWALK) SPACESUIT, MANUFACTURED BY NPP ZVEZDA, CIRCA 2009
Full semi-rigid one-piece spacesuit with thermal micrometeoroid protection layer, cooling under garment, backpack life support system, and integral helmet with both clear and protective sun visors, manufactured by NPP Zvezda, approx 70 inches tall and 250 lbs. 
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Literature

Abramov & Skoog, Russian Spacesuits, pp. 147-192

Catalogue Note

The primary suit used for spacewalks at both the MIR and the International Space Stations. The Orlan-M can be paired with an MMU (Manned mobility Unit) to allow the astronaut a greater and quicker range of movement. 

The suits have a completely rigid metal reinforced torso with flexible arms, and are donned by entering through a hatch in the suit's backpack life-support system, allowing one to be suited up in as little as five minutes. 

The Orlan M is the fourth iteration of the Orlan suit, with the Orlan-D first being used on a spacewalk in 1977 on the Salyut 6 Soviet Space Station; the Orlan-DM from 1985-88 on Salyut-7 and MIR,  the Orlan-DMA from 1988-97 on MIR, the Orlan-M from 1997-2009 on MIR and ISS, the Orlan-MK on ISS from 2009-2017, and the Orlan-MKS on ISS from 2017 to the present day.  

Space Exploration

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