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17
A rare and large Hungarian parcel-gilt silver set of Torah Crown and pair of Finials, Johannes Mathias Roth, Budapest, late 18th century
Estimate
150,000250,000
LOT SOLD. 187,500 USD
JUMP TO LOT
17
A rare and large Hungarian parcel-gilt silver set of Torah Crown and pair of Finials, Johannes Mathias Roth, Budapest, late 18th century
Estimate
150,000250,000
LOT SOLD. 187,500 USD
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Important Judaica, including a Distinguished Private Collection

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New York

A rare and large Hungarian parcel-gilt silver set of Torah Crown and pair of Finials, Johannes Mathias Roth, Budapest, late 18th century
the crown of boat form vigorously chased with scrolling foliage and polished scrolls on matted ground, fitted with triform frames hung with three tiers of bells, surmounted by crowns with crowned double eagle finials
marked inside base with city and maker's mark, repeated on frames and crowns
height 17 1/2 in., length 15 in.
44.5 cm, 38 cm
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Catalogue Note

After centuries of oppression and persecution, including as recently as 1746 the expulsion of the Jews from Buda, with the accession of Joseph II the Hungarian Jewish community found its position improved and stabilized.  A 1783 decree by the new Emperor removed most of the oppressive regulations for the community, and allowed them to settle freely in most of the country.  In 1790-91, Emperor Leopold II confirmed their position and gave them Imperial protection.  This new status allowed great prosperity and luxury, also in synagogue furnishings, and many displayed the Habsburg crown and double-headed eagle in recognition of their benefactors.

This form of an oval Torah Crown with attached stepped Finials seems to have been particular to Budapest. An example by János Muhály Schwager has the Pest date letter for 1774-1781 and a presentation inscription to the Holy Society in Obuda (Old Buda) in 1806.  Another example, very similar to the offered lot in the decoration of the crown, is by János Müller, with the Pest hallmark for 1793-97.  Both are now in the Hungarian Jewish Museum and Archives in Budapest, see Ilona Benoschofsky and Alexander Scheiber, The Jewish Museum of Budapest, 1987, no. 34 and 35, pp. 76-78.

Johannes Mathias Roth, or Reth, became a master in Budapest (Buda) in 1775 and worked until 1807.  In addition to this Torah Crown with Finials and the monumental Torah Shield also in this collection (lot 130), he was recorded in 1936 as the maker of a faceted beaker in the Jewish Museum in Obuda, shown in an exhibition there in 1935, no. 34 (Kószegy no. 341, pp. 58-59).

Important Judaica, including a Distinguished Private Collection

|
New York