This exquisite miniature plaque is known as a shivviti and takes its name from the first word of the biblical verse “I have set [shivviti] God before me always” (Ps. 16:8), which is delicately inscribed in the upper medallion. Plaques such as these were created to serve as visual and textual reminders of the constant presence of the Almighty, and, indeed, God’s four-letter name is inscribed in the ribbon-like banner below the verse. Part of a genre known as Spitzenbilder (lace pictures), this leaf was fashioned using the exacting technique of excising small bits of parchment from a sheet to craft an intricately-ornamented artwork. The diminutive size and shape of the present lot indicate that it was meant to be placed between the leaves of a small prayer book, readily accessible for use before and during the prayer service. This shivviti thus serves as an exquisite witness to the manner in which Jews embellished their devotional texts with beauty and artistry.