Johannes Mathias Roth, or Reth, became a master in Budapest (Buda) in 1775 and worked until 1807. In addition to this Torah Shield and an impressive Torah Crown with Finials also in this collection (lot 17), he was recorded in 1936 as the maker of a faceted beaker in the Jewish Museum in Obuda, shown in an exhibition there in 1935, no. 34 (Kószegy no. 341, pp. 58-59).
This Torah Shield is very similar to one by János Muhály Schwager, marked for Pest, 1779, in the Hungarian Jewish Museum and Archives in Budapest. Like Roth, Schwager had also made an oval Torah Crown with attached finials (see Ilona Benoschofsky and Alexander Scheiber, The Jewish Museum of Budapest, 1987, no. 37, pp. 80-81, and no. 34, pp. 76-77).
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