The present panel with decoration to both sides appears to have always served as a table top on either a low or more likely a tall table so that the underside decoration could be more readily admired. A four-legged tall incense stand with a smaller top of similar decoration is illustrated in The Complete Collection of Ming and Qing Furniture in the Palace Museum, vol. 18., Beijing, 2015, pp 352-3. Another related example of comparable size designed as a low table is illustrated in Lee Yu-kuan, Oriental Lacquer Art, Tokyo, 1972, pl. 244. Cabinets of the period also bore tianqi-decorated cartouches of similar form and motif. Compare a Wanli mark and period cabinet in the collection of the Palace Museum, Beijing, illustrated in Complete Collection of the Treasures of the Palace Museum: Furniture of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, vol. 2, Hong Kong, 2002, cat. no. 172; a smaller cabinet with a 'dragon and phoenix' cartouche in the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum illustrated in Sir Harry Garner, Chinese Lacquer, London, 1979, pl. 128; and a box in the collection of Fritz Low-Beer, published in Fritz Low-Beer, 'Chinese Lacquer of the Middle and Late Ming Period', The Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities Bulletin, no. 24, 1952, pl. 99.