Painted in a reduced palette of vivid primary colors and gray tones to accentuate the formal complexity of the composition, Fond rouge magnificently showcases Calder's idiosyncratic aesthetic, one that poetically reverberates with the language of Surrealist biomorphism and formal geometric abstraction, whilst also conveying his fascination with the underlying dynamic forces of the universe. The present composition is centrally anchored by a large disc of cool, watery blues that hovers anxiously above – and in sharp contrast to - the teeming red landscape beneath it. Two delicate black lines bisect the disc's surface and suggest Salvador Dalí's distorted clocks and imaginative dreamscapes. The composition is further populated by an array of amoeboid forms with spindly, curlicue legs, and larger organic geometric shapes in creamy whites, yellows, and blacks that resonate with Calder’s revolutionary sculptural mobiles and stabiles. These forms and motifs all hover above a dynamic background of agitated red brushstrokes that build up and resolve across the composition, loosely gravitating around the central blue orb as if being pulled into orbit by a galactic centripetal force.
Calder lived in Paris from 1926 through 1933, where he met fellow artist Joan Miró, along with Fernand Léger, Jean Arp, and Marcel Duchamp, the latter who coined the term 'mobile' for Calder's work in 1931. Although in different ways, both Calder and Miró pursued an art governed by a profound engagement with line, color, and form, marrying formal geometric abstraction with Surrealism. The present work is especially evocative of Miró’s most famous body of works, his Constellations, which invoke cosmic and celestial imagery through biomorphic abstraction. Calder's works, from his mobiles to his paintings, like Fond rouge, are abstract objects that conjure energetic forces in space. As the artist himself once proclaimed: "To me the most important thing in composition is disparity." (The artist in "À Propos of Measuring a Mobile," manuscript, Calder Foundation archives, 1943)
Please call 1-800-555-5555 to order a print catalog for this sale.
Online Registration to Bid is Closed for this Sale. Would you like to watch the live sale?Watch Live Sale