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A Fragmentary Roman Marble Oscillum, circa 1st Century A.D.
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43
A Fragmentary Roman Marble Oscillum, circa 1st Century A.D.
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Details & Cataloguing

Ancient Sculpture and Works of Art

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A Fragmentary Roman Marble Oscillum, circa 1st Century A.D.
carved in front in high relief with a head of Medusa within a filleted wreath of oak leaves and acorns, her frightful countenance emerging from a tangled mass of writhing serpents and deeply-drilled unruly hair, and on the reverse in shallow relief with a mask of Pan, his fiendish face with high cheekbones and gnarled brow, his hair arranged in spiral curls, his long beard radiating in voluted wavy strands; no restorations, drilled through the center in later times for insertion of a metal pipe and reuse as waterspout decoration.
47 by 45 cm.
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Provenance

Swiss private collection, acquired in the 1960s/1970s (corroborated by original perspex base)
Galerie Chenel, Paris, acquired on British art market
European private collection, acquired from the above in 2014

Literature

Galerie Chenel, Paris, Fusion, 2014, no. 20,  illus.

Catalogue Note

For the gorgoneion motif on oscilla, probably derived from shield decoration, see Naples, Archaeological Museum, inv. nos. 6655 (A. Carrella, Marmora pompeiana nel Museo archeologico nazionale di Napoli: gli arredi scultorei delle case pompeiane, 2008, p. 82, no. B17) and 6553 (J.-M. Pailler, in Mélanges de l'École française de Rome, vol. 94, 1982, pl. 1, 2A - D164). Also see E. Dwyer, in Römische Mitteilungen, vol. 88, 1981, cat. nos. 131 and 194.

Ancient Sculpture and Works of Art

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London