There are no significant differences between the drawing and the painting, although the table in the right foreground is only very lightly sketched in the drawing. Both in the drawing and in the painting, Giordano seems to succeed in emulating Ribera's capacity to transmit a range of emotions. The drawing is meticulously executed in red chalk, characterized by secure outlines and short parallel strokes to indicate the shadows. The surface of the paper on the recto is tinted with the red powdered color typically used by Giordano to embellish his finished drawings. He was especially fond of this technique in his early career, though he continued to use it well into the 1670s. These finished studies must have been in great demand with collectors and provided some kind of income for the artist in his early years.
We have not been able to connect the studies on the verso with any of Giordano's known paintings.
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