333
333

PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE AMERICAN COLLECTION

Jean Arp
ENTITÉ AILÉE
Estimate
1,000,0001,500,000
LOT SOLD. 1,188,500 USD
JUMP TO LOT
333

PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE AMERICAN COLLECTION

Jean Arp
ENTITÉ AILÉE
Estimate
1,000,0001,500,000
LOT SOLD. 1,188,500 USD
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Impressionist & Modern Art Day Sale

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New York

Jean Arp
1886-1966
ENTITÉ AILÉE
Stamped with the raised initials HA and numbered III/3 (on the interior)
Bronze
Height (including base): 54 3/8 in.
138 cm
Conceived in 1961; this example cast in 1970.
Read Condition Report Read Condition Report

Provenance

Galerie Chalette (Madeleine Lejwa), New York (acquired in November 1971)
Dr. Ruth Leder Shapiro, New York (acquired from the above on March 5, 1973 and sold by the estate: Christie's, New York, November 7, 2001, lot 266)
Private Collection, United States (acquired at the above sale and sold: Christie's, New York, November 5, 2013, lot 21)
Acquired at the above sale

Exhibited

New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Jean Arp: From the Collections of Mme Marguerite Arp and Arthur and Madeleine Lejwa, 1972, no. 18, illustrated in the catalogue

Literature

Exhibition of Sculpture by Jean Arp in Marble Bronze and Wood Relief from the Years: 1923-63 (exhibition catalogue), Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, 1963, no. 9, illustration of the black granite version
Eduard Trier, Marguerite Arp-Hagenbach & François Arp, Jean Arp, Sculptures 1957-1966, Teufen, 1968, no. 252a, illustration of another cast p. 117
Eduard Trier, Marguerite Arp-Hagenbach & François Arp, Jean Arp, Sculpture, His Last Ten Years, New York, 1968, no. 252a, illustration of another cast p. 117
Ionel Jianou, Jean Arp, Paris, 1973, no. 252a, illustration of another cast pl. 29
Arp: 100th Anniversary of His Birthday (exhibition catalogue), Museum of Modern Art, New York & traveling, 1985, no. 54, illustration of another cast n.p.
Arp, 1886-1966 (exhibition catalogue), Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, 1986, no. 521, illustration of the plaster version p. 234
Erica Kessler, Sammlung Marguerite Arp: Werke aus der Fondazione Marguerite Arp (exhibition catalogue), Lugano, 1991, no. 20, illustration of another cast p. 44
Enrico Crispolti & Luigi Cavadini, Aliventi, Arp, Viani: L'immaginario organico (exhibition catalogue), Florence, 1992, no. 25, illustration of another cast p. 56
New York, PaceWildenstein, Early Forms: The Biomorphic Sculpture of Arp, Calder and Noguchi (exhibition catalogue), 2000, illustration of another cast n.p.
Jean Arp, L'Invention de la forme (exhibition catalogue), Palais des beaux-arts, Brussels, 2004, illustration of another cast p. 126
Chaude Weil-Seigeot, Atelier Jean Arp et Sophie Taeuber, Paris, 2012, illustration of another cast p. 198
Arie Hartog & Kai Fischer, Jean Arp, Sculptures, A Critical Survey, Bonn, 2012, no. 252a, illustration of another cast p. 351

Catalogue Note

Entité ailée is representative of the artist's meditation on forms and their relationship with space and the world, at both a micro and macro level. Though an autonomous entity, the sculpture nevertheless maintains a dialogue with nature. Arp strove to preserve and cultivate a harmonious and advantageous balance between primordial and artistic creation. Entité ailée is a form which, with its convex and concave curves and smooth, taught surfaces, seemingly concentrates its energy into a pure and fluid rhythm.

Arp conceived this work in marble in 1961, one year before the important retrospective of his work in Paris and New York.  In a 1965 photograph, the artist poses in his garden with his arm around the sculpture beneath the shade of a tree. Here, as in the sculpture itself, there is an unmistakable suggestion of metamorphosis: "Arp's assimilation of the process of creation in nature with that of art finds a tangible dimension in his sculptures... Stemming from simple, primordial forms—most frequently that of an embryo, a simple head, a navel, a bud, or even an amoeba—Arp's sculptures deploy their powers of spatial expression precisely through these organic and rounded masses which swell and bulge with a life of their own and whose expansive movements suggest the existence of an imaginary energy centre at the heart of the works themselves. Indeed, there is a sense of permanent flux, as though currents and forces loom up to the surface only to be solidified there" (Jean Arp, L'Invention de la forme (exhibition catalogue), op. cit., p. 52).

The present work is equally concerned with the historical and mythological aspects of metamorphosis. His quest for the ideal form lead Arp to an appreciation of the earliest civilizations in antiquity; of their art and myths which were very much the vehicle for the idea of metamorphosis. At a time when he was to title his works Amphore des étoiles, Souvenir du pays d'Héraclès, Femme amphore, Daphné, Les trois grâces, Figure mythique, Ptolémée and Torse de Chorée... Arp bestowed Entité ailée with the globular forms of Cyclades, as well as the power and the fervor of a Victoire de Samothrace. He observed that, "From Impressionism onwards, art has turned irrevocably towards the disintegration of the human figure. A reaction was inevitable. For me, it is not about a return to a forgotten realism, though I have a strong need to create, and to create more than just the 'human concretions' of days gone by, but rather a mythical sculpture which takes the form of a head or a torso. Is mythical the right word? Indeed, we are talking about divinity, but it is more of a human divinity, as the sages and poets have always upheld. Hesiod, for example, who positions man at the centre of the universe. This is my sculpture today" (ibid., p. 24).

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