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Details & Cataloguing

19th & 20th Century Sculpture, including works from Cecil Howard’s Studio

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London

Charles-Henri-Joseph Cordier
1827 - 1905
FRENCH
LA JUIVE D'ALGER (THE JEWESS OF ALGIERS)
the yellow marble components and the glazed eyes are later replacements
partially enamelled bronze, silvered patina, and yellow marble, on a yellow marble socle
75.5cm., 29¾in. 
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Provenance

Private collection, United States

Literature

L. de Margerie and E. Papet, Facing the Other: Charles Cordier (1827-1905) Ethnographic Sculptor, exh. cat., Musée d’Orsay, Paris, 2004, p. 184, no. 336

Catalogue Note

In the summer of 1856 the sculptor Charles Cordier spent six months living and working in Algeria. His fascination with ethnography led him to visit the French colony, with the express intention of reproducing ‘the different types that right now are merging into one and the same people.’ Cordier settled into a native quarter of the Casbah in Algiers and began creating studies. At the start of the French possession of Algeria in 1830, twenty percent of the population of the city of Algiers was Jewish. It had grown further in the intervening years, making the inclusion of a Jewish Algerian subject an obvious choice for Cordier. His Juive d’Alger faithfully records the unique beauty of a particular woman, rather than a generic type. In the present version the intricacies of her costume are enhanced with enamelling and the bronze head and torso are set into shoulders made from Algerian onyx marble, a material which Cordier discovered during his trip and used frequently thereafter.

Whilst the contemporary vogue for Orientalism helped establish Cordier, his work stood out from the overwhelmingly decorative representations of the genre as an almost scientific study of physiognomy and costume. Cordier’s lengthy trips abroad and studies from life gave his works an authenticity and authority which few could rival. His originality was also felt in his use of colour and mixed materials. Cordier’s technical mastery of casting, carving, enamelling and patinating was extraordinary. The finished effect was one of great opulence and luxury. His work was avidly collected by wealthy art lovers across Europe, including Napoleon III and Queen Victoria.

The Juive d’Alger was first exhibited in London at the International Exhibition in 1862 and at the Paris Salon the following year. The present bust is recorded by Jeannine Durand-Révillon and Laure de Margerie in their Catalogue Raisonné written for the 2004 Cordier Exhibition at the Musée d’Orsay in Paris. Another version of the bust is held by the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam and featured on the cover of their important 1997 exhibition Colour in Sculpture.

RELATED LITERATURE
S. Lami, Dictionnaire des Sculpteurs de l’École Francaise, Paris, 1914, vol. 1, p. 420; J. Durand-Revillon, ‘Un promoteur de la sculpture polychrome sous le Second Empire, C.-H.-J. Cordier (1827-1905) in Bulletin de la Société de l’Histoire de l’Art française, Paris, 1982, pp. 181-198; A. Blühm ed., The Colour of Sculpture, 1840-1910, exh. cat., Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, 1997, pp. 170-4

19th & 20th Century Sculpture, including works from Cecil Howard’s Studio

|
London