This is one of two scenes painted by Serres for the Keppel family showing Havana after its capture. The other is a view of the Piazza at Havana and is now in the collection of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. Historically the painting has always been known incorrectly as 'The Cathedral at Havana'
. The central building is in fact the late colonial baroque church of San Francisco de Asís, a monastic church from the 1730s. Following the surrender of the town, great care was taken to grant the defeated Spanish magnanimous terms. In this picture Serres is at pains to show British troops and Spanish civilians in apparent harmony. The composition is taken from one of a set of six prints produced by Elias Durnford, an engineer stationed in Havana as part of Albemarle’s occupying force, and the view of the church is taken from the Alcalde’s (Spanish magistrate) house, looking across the square. Serres' inclusion of a detachment of British redcoats marching towards a guard posted by a sentry box lends a more military feel that is absent in Durnford’s original, though the composition and detailed staffage show an obvious debt to the work of Serres' close friend Paul Sandby, as well as the work of Canaletto who had spent nearly ten years in England in the 1740s and ’50s and whose work Serres would have known. Although Serres was not present at the capture of Havana himself, none-the-less he was intimately familiar with the city and had a detailed knowledge of its topography and surroundings, having lived there for several years in the 1740s. He was therefore able to bring his own first-hand knowledge of the light and atmosphere of Havana to bear, infusing Durnford's view with the evocative intimacy of personal acquaintance.
This composition is unique in Serres' œuvre and is not known in any other versions by the artist. As with many of the Albemarle series it appears to have been a one off commission for one of his most important patrons, who had a special connection to the events depicted.