180
180

PROPERTY FROM A SPANISH PRIVATE COLLECTION

Juan Carreño de Miranda
PORTRAIT OF CHARLES II, KING OF SPAIN (1661–1700)
JUMP TO LOT
180

PROPERTY FROM A SPANISH PRIVATE COLLECTION

Juan Carreño de Miranda
PORTRAIT OF CHARLES II, KING OF SPAIN (1661–1700)
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Old Masters Day Sale

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Juan Carreño de Miranda
AVILÉS, NEAR OVIEDO 1614 - 1685 MADRID
PORTRAIT OF CHARLES II, KING OF SPAIN (1661–1700)

Provenance

By tradition said to have been acquired by Don Gonzalo de Ulloa y Ortega Montañés, Conde de Adanero (1833–1882);
Thence by descent until sold anonymously ('Property from a Private Collection'), London, Sotheby's, 9 December 2009, lot 27, where acquired by the present owner.

Catalogue Note

Carreño was appointed 'Pintor de Cámara' in 1671 and for the remainder of the decade painted several portraits of the young King in this precise pose, documenting his growing stature through adolescence. Until 1675 Charles is always depicted, as here, in the Salón de los Espejos in the Alcázar, where Carreño had worked in 1659 under the supervision of Velázquez; his left hand resting his hat on the table-top and his right hand loosely holding a letter. This version would appear to date from the mid-1670s, depicting Charles at the age of about fourteen or fifteen, and therefore has most in common with the portrait in the Museo del Prado, Madrid, which Pérez Sánchez dates to about 1675. After this date Carreño's portraits of the king become increasingly formal and decorative, depicting Charles in official robes of the Golden Fleece (1677; Schloß Rohrau, Rohrau) or military uniform (circa 1683; Monasterio de Nuestra Señora de Guadelupe, Guadalupe).1 Of the earlier portraits, one is signed and dated 1671 and is today in the Museo de Bellas Artes, Oviedo; and another, signed and dated 1673, is in the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin.2

The present design was adopted by the King as his official court portrait, thereby accounting for the large number of versions in existence. In addition to these portraits Carreño also painted numerous official portraits of the court dwarfs, clowns and official visitors, much as Velázquez had done earlier in the century. Carreño's influence reached further than merely court portraiture: he oversaw, for example, the restoration of the Monastery of the Escorial after a fire there in 1671. His later œuvre is dominated by religious pictures but none of these compare to the portraiture of the 1670s which cemented Carreño's reputation as a worthy heir to Velázquez. 

This portrait is said to have remained in the same family collection for over two hundred years and was passed by descent within the family until sold in 2009, ultimately from Don Gonzalo de Ulloa y Ortega Montañés, Conde de Adanero, who built one of the most important art collections in Spain during the nineteenth century. The collection, based in Cordoba, incorporated a large collection of miniatures, Sèvres porcelain and important Old Masters by Velázquez, Goya, El Greco and Zurbarán amongst many others. The collection is today largely dispersed amongst the various houses of the Adanero descendants.

1. See, for example, A. E. Pérez Sánchez, Juan Carreño de Miranda, Avila 1985, reproduced pp. 176 and 180.
2. Pérez Sánchez 1985, reproduced pp. 159,160 and 163 respectively.

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