- Claude Monet
- Camille à l'ombrelle verte
- Signed Cl. Monet (lower left)
- Oil on canvas
- 32 by 23 3/8 in.
- 81.3 by 59.5 cm
Alfred Lindon, Paris (probably acquired at the above sale)
Seized from the above by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg für die Besetzten Gebiete, Paris on 5th December 1940
Reichsmarschal Hermann Göring (acquired from the above on November 25, 1942)
Restituted by the French Government to Jacques Lindon, Alfred Lindon's son, on 3rd December 1946
Jacques Lindon, New York
Mr. & Mrs. Laurance Rockefeller, United States (acquired from the above in the 1950s)
Wildenstein & Co., New York
Private Collection, New York
Sale: Sotheby's, London, June 19, 2007, lot 11
Acquired at the above sale
New York, Wildenstein & Co., One Hundred Years of Impressionism, A Tribute to Durand-Ruel, 1970, no. 32, illustrated in the catalogue (titled Madame Monet dans son jardin)
Oscar Reuterswärd, Monet, Stockholm, 1948, illustrated p. 95
Daniel Wildenstein, Claude Monet. Biographie et catalogue raisonné,
Lausanne & Paris, 1974, vol. I, no. 413, illustrated p. 293
Paul Hayes Tucker, Monet at Argenteuil, New Haven & London, 1982, no. 138, illustrated p. 171
Daniel Wildenstein, Monet. Catalogue Raisonné, Cologne, 1996, no. 413, illustrated p. 168
Monet und Camille. Frauenportraits im Impressionismus (exhibition catalogue), Kunsthalle, Bremen, 2005-06, illustrated pp. 40 & 261
Nancy Yeide, Beyond the Dreams of Avarice: The Hermann Goering Collection, Dallas, 2009, no. D 74, illustrated p. 450 (titled Woman with a Parasol)
This beautifully rendered, full-length portrayal of Camille belongs to a group of works dating from August 1876, painted in the garden of Monet's second house at Argenteuil, where he and his family lived from October 1874 until early 1878. As Paul Hayes Tucker noted, during the summer months Monet "painted almost nothing but idyllic garden pictures ... retreats into the untrammeled past" and was preoccupied with "pastoral scenes of idyllic reverie" (P. H. Tucker, Claude Monet: Life and Art, New Haven & London, 1995, pp. 90 & 92). As John Rewald observed, "no single place could be identified more closely with Impressionism than Argenteuil" (J. Rewald, The History of Impressionism, New York, 1973, p. 341), and some of Monet's best early paintings were executed in this region, inspired by its unspoiled nature. Renoir, who lived in Paris, frequently joined Monet at Argenteuil where the two artists painted together.
In the 1870s, Argenteuil was becoming one of the fastest growing regions in the vicinity of Paris, combining lush nature surrounding the river Seine with signs of modernization and industrialization. With the advance of the steamboat and railway, the Argenteuil path along the Seine became a popular promenade, rather than a commercial route it had been in the past, and this area was usually busy with the bateaux-lavoirs and people strolling along the river. Writing about Monet's years at Argenteuil, Paul Hayes Tucker commented: "When Monet came to Argenteuil in 1871 he was seeking greater contact with nature for the sake of his new family and of his art. The Paris he left behind had received during the Second Empire acres of new parks and thousands of new trees thanks to Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann. But during the Franco-Prussian War and the Commune, much of the Bois de Boulogne and many of the trees along the new boulevards were burned or chopped down. When Monet left he was escaping the city for greener pastures, just as thousands of others were who had moved to the suburbs before him" (P. H. Tucker, op. cit., 1982, p. 127).
Unlike other works from the group, which depict Camille in the distance, often reading or walking, dominated by nature, in the present painting the artist divided his attention equally between the figure and her surroundings. Camille occupies the center of the composition, walking down a sunlit path, having just emerged from a shadow under the trees and plants. Her dress and hat are painted in brushstrokes of brilliant pink, purple and yellow pigment, reflecting the strong sunshine of a summer day, while the right side of the composition is dominated by colorful flowers painted in quick dabs of red, blue and green. Holding a bouquet of flowers, which she had probably just picked, in one hand, and a bright green parasol in the other, Camille stands in sharp contrast with the shadowy part of the garden behind her. The lush, rich treatment of the garden with its flowerbeds, trees and the path demonstrates the delight Monet took in painting nature, drenched in light and shimmering with color, and reflects the development of his style during a critical period of Impressionism.