11
11

PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE SCANDINAVIAN COLLECTION

Alberto Giacometti
LA CAGE, PREMIÈRE VERSION
Estimate
1,800,0002,500,000
LOT SOLD. 1,745,000 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
11

PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE SCANDINAVIAN COLLECTION

Alberto Giacometti
LA CAGE, PREMIÈRE VERSION
Estimate
1,800,0002,500,000
LOT SOLD. 1,745,000 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale

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London

Alberto Giacometti
1901 - 1966
LA CAGE, PREMIÈRE VERSION
inscribed Alberto Giacometti, numbered 00/8 and inscribed Susse Fondeur Paris; stamped Susse Fondeur Paris cire perdue on the underside
bronze
height: 90.5cm.
35 5/8 in.
Executed in 1950 and cast in bronze by the Susse Foundry in an edition of 12 in 1990-91. The present work was cast in 1991.
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The authenticity of this work has been confirmed by the Comité Giacometti and is recorded in the Alberto Giacometti database as AGD 3535. 

Provenance

Annette Giacometti (the artist's wife; estate of the artist)

Galerie Beyeler, Basel (acquired in 1991)

Acquired from the above by the present owner in 2000

Literature

Letter from Giacometti to Pierre Matisse, in Alberto Giacometti (exhibition catalogue), Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York, 1950, mentioned p. 10

Ernst Beyeler, William Rubin et al., Fondation Beyeler, Munich & New York, 1997, no. 43, another cast catalogued p. 311

L'Atelier d'Alberto Giacometti: The Collection of the Fondation Alberto et Annette Giacometti (exhibition catalogue), Centre Pompidou, Paris, 2007-08, no. 226, colour illustration of the painted plaster version p. 143

Catalogue Note

Throughout his career as both sculptor and painter, Giacometti was preoccupied with two themes that became central to his work, the role of the artist and his model and the relationship between man and woman. In Le Cage (première version) both of these themes combine to create a palpable tension, formed not only by the relatively ambiguous relationship of the figures, but also between the geometric structure of the cage itself and the fluidity of its captives. This tense ambiguity is a feature of Giacometti’s work, relating not only to his Surrealist works but also to his own personal preoccupations, and it is this sense of anxiety, created both within and by the work, that forms the essence of his art. The importance of La Cage (première version) to Giacometti is evident in the fact that he kept the plaster version of the work himself until his death, whereupon it was cast in bronze posthumously.

 

Preoccupied by the theme of human existence, Giacometti established the image of the man and woman as central to his iconography. In the present work, the elongated sinuous shape of the female form heightens the sense of linearity within the overall work, while the bust of the man juts out almost obtrusively from the base. The coarse handling of the bronze invokes a stage set with contrasts of light and shadow, which heighten the dynamism of the work. James Lord declared that no other female figure in the artist’s career bears such a sense of ‘sculptural dynamism’ as Giacometti’s women tend to be more rigid, with arms often compact against the body, static in their own space. The standing female nude remained the most iconic symbol of Giacometti’s art. In La Cage (deuxième version) (fig. 2), the female appears smaller and with arms against her sides, as the scene becomes a more private and introverted interaction.

 

The use of the cage structure finds its precedent in Giacometti’s Surrealist works, most famously in Boule suspendue of 1930-31 (fig. 3), a version of which was owned by André Breton, and is often heralded as the first surrealist object. Like Boule suspendue, La Cage (première version) creates an atmosphere of enclosure and tension, as well as a sense of anxiety and uncertainty referring to Freud’s Oedipal complex. Patrick Elliott links the couple in La Cage (première version) and their indistinct interaction to that of a prostitute and her client, perhaps modelled on Giacometti’s own experiences at The Sphinx Bar, whose prostitutes featured as subjects in both paintings and sculptures of this period (P. Elliott, Alberto Giacometti 1901-1966 (exhibition catalogue), Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, 1996, p. 165). However, Reinhold Hohl maintains that the work can also be viewed as a metaphor for the distance between the sexes and the impossibility of their reconciliation after being banished from paradise, and has also suggested that the bust may be a self-portrait of the sculptor himself (R. Hohl, Alberto Giacometti, New York, 1971, pp. 140 & 142).

 

By framing such a scene, as in the celebrated Palais à quatre heures le matin, Giacometti creates a theatrical setting that is enhanced by the woman’s outstretched arms which appear to draw back the stage curtains as she projects her silent soliloquy, moulded with an immense sense of hieratic power. Her prominence is also enhanced not only by her size in comparison to the profile head of the male, but also by her position on a pedestal, and as she grabs the cage, the scene’s uneasiness increases in gravity. The return of the cage structure to the sculptor’s work occurred in 1947 with Le Nez (fig. 5), which can be interpreted as a self-portrait. Hohl extends this interpretation to La Cage (deuxième version), claiming that it ‘is most meaningful in terms of content when we interpret it as a self-portrait – the artist and his work’ (ibid., pp. 140 & 142).

 

 

Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale

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London