543
543
Wang Jiqian (C. C. Wang)
LANDSCAPE NO.79
Estimate
150,000250,000
LOT SOLD. 1,500,000 HKD
JUMP TO LOT
543
Wang Jiqian (C. C. Wang)
LANDSCAPE NO.79
Estimate
150,000250,000
LOT SOLD. 1,500,000 HKD
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Contemporary Ink Art : Journey

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Hong Kong

Wang Jiqian (C. C. Wang)
1907-2003
LANDSCAPE NO.79
titleslip: signed and dated 1969 in Chinese
signed and dated in Chinese, and marked with one seal of the artist
ink and colour on paper, hanging scroll
59.7 by 94.3 cm; 23¼ by 37⅛ in.
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Provenance

Acquired directly from the artist
Umbrella, Hong Kong
The Mary and George Bloch Collection

Exhibited

USA, Honolulu, Honolulu Academy of Arts, 1972
USA, Cambridge, Harvard University, Fogg Art Museum, 1973
USA, San Francisco, Chinese Cultural Center, October, 1976
USA, New York, Brooklyn Museum, Mountains of the Mind: The Landscapes of C. C. Wang, 1977, cat. no. 5

Literature

Mountains of the Mind: The Landscapes of C.C. Wang, The Arthur M. Sackler Foundation, Washington, USA, 1977, Plate 5

Catalogue Note

C.C. Wang is renowned as an artist and collector of one of the most important private collections of Chinese paintings. During his lifetime he collected masterpieces such as Along the Riverbank attributed to the pioneer of the scholar-painting tradition Dong Yuan (active 930-960s during the Five Dynasties), and Autumn in the River Valley by Northern Song master Guo Xi. Like his teachers Gu Linshi and Wu Hufan, Wang did not identify himself as a collector, but rather as an artist whose collection was only for the purpose of study.

After arriving in New York in 1949, Wang studied Western painting at the Arts Students League in New York and from then on paired his insights with his connoisseurship for Chinese paintings. His astute understanding of Western art history and exceptional skill for traditional brushwork are revealed in his elegant, yet complex landscape paintings. As evident in the earliest work of his in this sale, Landscape No. 79 (Lot 543) is one of the experimental works during this early period. In the late 1960s, after being exposed to Western art for more than twenty years and accumulating his experience as a collector and connoisseur of Chinese art, Wang realized the true essence of Guo Xi's  'naturalism'. 1 Naturalism here refers to instinctive, free and impromptu, similar to the "sounds of nature" described in the Daoist classic Zhuangzi. As the artificial sounds made from a musical instrument ultimately do not compare to the wild and harmonious sounds of nature, rigid and deliberate composition cannot surpass the results of free improvisation without constraint. Drawing upon this principle, in this landscape Wang uses crumpled paper balls as his 'brush' to sketch the basic composition, and then adds contrasting details – mountains and waterfalls, cliffs and strange rocks, trees and winding paths, villages with small cottages – in Song-style brushwork, to achieve a sense of nature full of visual pleasure and fantasy.

Wang's artistic reformation did not stabilize until early 1980s, when he was no longer bound by arbitrary creativity. Thereupon he developed and finalized his distinctive personal style based on his former training in traditional painting techniques. This is evident his 1980s paintings of Landscape (Lot 545) and Snowscape No. 432 (Lot 546) that combine rich colours into majestic, imaginary landscapes of the mind. In 1987, Wang met the artist Yu Chengyao in Taipei, and was greatly influenced by Yu's self-taught brushwork expressions and meticulous compositions (see Lot 511). Wang absorbed the spontaneity and deliberate nature of Yu's techniques into forming his own style in the depiction of mountains with smooth contours, fluid vitality and visual density, as seen in both his 1987 and 1988 Landscapes (Lots 508 and 542).2 Ultimately, the success of CC Wang's works lies in part in their aesthetic beauty, but more importantly in the preservation of the literati spirit through their technical quality and intellectual virtuosity.

C.C. Wang was celebrated throughout his lifetime as an artist, collector, critic and connoisseur. His paintings are prominently exhibited in major institutions in China and the US. His works are part of notable permanent collections including, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Harvard University's Fogg Art Museum, The Brooklyn Museum, New York, Asian Art Museum San Francisco, Taipei National Museum of History, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, and the Shanghai Art Museum.

1 Stanley-Baker, Joan. The Exhibition of C.C. Wang, Taipei Fine Art Museum, 1994, p. 16
2 Ibid., p. 17

Contemporary Ink Art : Journey

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Hong Kong