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Details & Cataloguing

Bowie/Collector – Part I: Modern and Contemporary Art, Evening Auction

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Marcel Duchamp
1887 - 1968
WITH HIDDEN NOISE (A BRUIT SECRET)
signed Marcel Duchamp, dated 1964, numbered 7/8 and engraved A Bruit Secret, 1916 / Edition Galerie Schwarz, Milan
assisted Readymade: ball of twine (containing unknown object) between two brass plates joined by four long bolts
height: 11.4cm.; 4½in.
This work is from an edition of 8 numbered examples executed by Galleria Schwarz in 1964 after the original Readymade of 1916.
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This work has been authenticated by the Association Marcel Duchamp.

Provenance

Arturo Schwarz, Milan, where acquired by a Private Collection, Switzerland
Sale, Sotheby's London, A Collection of DADA Art, 4th December 1985, lot 259, where acquired by Private Collection, United States
Acquired from the above by David Bowie

Exhibited

Caracas, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Caracas, El Espíritu Dada 1915/1925, 1980;
New York, Achim Moeller Fine Art, Marcel Duchamp: The Art of Making Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, 1999, cat. no.94, illustrated (catalogued with incorrect edition number).

Literature

Robert Lebel, Sur Marcel Duchamp, Paris, 1959, illustrated pl.77 (1916 version);
Arturo Schwarz, The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp, London, 1969, no.238b, illustrated pp.461-2 (another version);
Arturo Schwarz, The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp, London, 1997, vol. II, no.340b, illustrated p.644 (1916 version);
Francis M. Naumann, Marcel Duchamp: The Art of Making Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction, New York, 1999, no.8.66, illustrated p.243 (catalogued with incorrect edition number);
Janis Mink, Marcel Duchamp 1887-1968. Art as Anti-Art, Cologne, 2004, illustrated p.64 (1916 version);
Francis M. Naumann, The Recurrent, Haunting Ghost. Essays on the Art, Life and Legacy of Marcel Duchamp, New York, 2012, illustrated p.118 (1916 version).

Catalogue Note

Duchamp turned the world’s understanding of art on its head with his invention of the ‘Readymade’ in 1913. Taking found objects, initially chosen specifically for their ordinariness or ‘visual indifference’, Duchamp transformed them into works of art by stripping them of their original ‘meaning’ and placing them in a different context under a title that provided them with a new significance. Duchamp intended to challenge what he referred to as ‘retinal’ – or purely visual – art, believing that art should require an additional conceptual effort on the part of the viewer; in presenting these ordinary objects as objets d’art he defied artistic conventions of beauty and craftsmanship and opened up a new world of possibility.

Whilst some objects – the snow shovel or the eponymous urinal of The Fountain – were turned into works of art simply by addition of a title and placement in an artistic space, for others Duchamp combined different manufactured objects in works he called ‘assisted Readymades’. The original version of With Hidden Noise (A Bruit Secret), made on Easter Day 1916, was made in this way, by fixing a ball of string between two brass plates and placing an object in the middle. This object – the source of the secret noise when the piece was rattled – was put there by Duchamp’s friend and patron Walter Arensberg. In the present work, created in 1964 – a reprisal of the original – it was Duchamp’s wife Alexina who provided the object. Duchamp refused to learn the nature of these objects and they remain a mystery. This playfulness, which is typical of the Readymades, is augmented by the lettering on the brass plates which encourages the viewer to turn the object back and forth and release the hidden noise. This creates an intriguing dialogue between visual and audio experiences as well as inviting the viewer to contemplate questions of perception and meaning. Talking of a group of assisted Readymades that includes With Hidden Noise (A Bruit Secret), Gloria Moure wrote: ‘the overlap of the poetic and the objective is strong and parallels the puns that assist them, but in addition they clearly reveal an ironic recreation of the search for a tactile quality and of the effort of perception, which were at the very heart of Duchamp’s approach and continually surfaced to a greater or lesser degree throughout his creative career’ (G. Moure, Marcel Duchamp. Works, Writings, Interviews, Barcelona, 2009, p.68).  

Bowie/Collector – Part I: Modern and Contemporary Art, Evening Auction

|
London