- David Bomberg
- Sunrise in the Mountains, Picos de Asturias
- signed and dated 35
- oil on canvas
- 59 by 67cm.; 23¼ by 26½in.
Their sale, Christie's London, 23rd March 1995, lot 141, where acquired by David Bowie
Manchester, Manchester City Art Gallery, The Pursuit of the Real: British Figurative Painting from Sickert to Bacon, 10th March - 22nd April 1990, cat. no.15, with tour to Barbican Art Gallery, London, and Glasgow City Art Gallery, Glasgow.
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Redolent of the dynamism of his pre-war work, these paintings found a new intensity, rich with impasto capturing the ever-changing environment, red hot in the sunlight. In Sunrise in the Mountains, Picos de Asturias the blue and purple gloom of the rugged cliff-face is drawn back by the striking clarity of the sliver of bright sky. Though the composition is freely formed by spontaneous brushstrokes, the present work captures the grandeur and monumentality of the mountains and is imbued with a tactile quality and a sense of transience. Bomberg had a famously ardent and independent temperament, and his paintings of this period are characterised by a thrilling sense of energy and freedom that he must have experienced in the dramatic mountainous setting.
Cut short by the looming onset of Civil War, Bomberg’s Spanish period undoubtedly laid the foundations for arguably the most important role of his career: a respected and influential teacher. Bomberg urged his students to capture the ‘spirit in the mass’, and his passionate and visceral approach, no doubt brought on by the emotional experience of Spain, inspired the young Frank Auerbach and Leon Kossoff who attended his evening classes at Borough Polytechnic in the 1950s. Kossoff later recalled: ‘The life room at St Martin’s at that time was very rigid and inhibiting and I remember a feeling of relief and excitement when I first entered Bomberg’s class. People were working in a way I’d only previously dared to work on my own. The atmosphere was intense and everyone was involved in an energetic manner’ (Kossoff, 1995, quoted in Paul Moorhouse, Leon Kossoff, (exh. cat.), Tate, London, 1996, p.12). The brooding intensity and expressive handling of the younger artists’ work is a direct influence of Bomberg’s artistic approach and manipulation of paint: raw, unflinching and instinctive to the core.