- Mahmoud Mokhtar
- Au Bord du Nil (Ala Shat Elnil / On the Banks of the Nile)
- signed Mouktar, inscribed: Susse Fres Edts Paris and cire perdue, with the SUSSE FRERES EDITEURS pastille
- bronze, dark brown patina
Sale: Cleveland Auction Co., Tremont, Various Owner Sale, October 25, 2010
Private Collection, New York
Badr Eldin Abou Ghazi, The Sculptor: Mokhtar, Cairo, 1964, n.p., another version illustrated
Mohamed Sedki Al-Gabakhangy, The History of the Egyptian Art Movement to 1945, Cairo, 1986, n.p., another version in gesso illustrated
Badr Eldin Abou Ghazi, Mokhtar: His Life and His Art, Cairo, 1988, another version in marble illustrated
Mokhtar moved to Cairo from the countryside in 1902 and was amongst the first to enroll in the city’s new School of Fine Arts six years later. He honed his skills as a sculptor under the tutelage of the Parisian professor Laplagne until a scholarship from the Egyptian Prince Kamal Youssef enabled Mokhtar to continue his education at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. There he was introduced to the latest artistic styles and the political force of art that would characterise his work from then on. Perhaps the most significant meeting of Mokhtar’s Parisian sojourn was with political leader Saad Zaghloul. The sculptor joined forces with Zaghloul upon his return to Cairo and became part of the group of intellectuals and revolutionaries who established independence from Britain in 1922.
Au Bord du Nil represents the peasant woman, or fellaha, who was adopted as the emblem of Egypt’s revolutionary movement in the early 20th century. Much like the woman in Nahdet Masr (Egypt Awakening) she stands tall, poised to adjust her veil, revealing her feminine beauty whilst carrying out the menial but essential task of sourcing water from the river Nile. Her frontal pose and the stylised visage and folds of the drapery are reminiscent of statues of Egyptian queens, such as the statues of Hatshepsut flanking the entrance to her tomb at Deir-el-Bahar. As such the figure at once symbolises ancient and modern Egypt and the reinstatement of the woman at the centre of this land. Mokhtar famously said: “When I was a child, there had been no sculpture and no sculptor in my country for more than seventeen hundred years. The images that appeared among the ruins and sands at the edge of the desert were considered to be accursed and evil idols – no one should come near.” He was the first Egyptian sculptor to follow the pharaonic tradition of sculpting.
The life-size marble version of Au Bord du Nil now stands at the entrance of the Mokhtar Museum in Cairo. An example of Au Bord du Nil was initially showcased at Exposition Universelle in 1930 in Paris. Sotheby’s is honored to have been entrusted to sell this iconic Mokhtar sculpture, the largest of its kind to appear in auction measuring 119.4cm high. This is without a doubt the most prestigious sculpture created by the father of modern Egyptian sculpture.
Quotes by Mokhtar
The language of art is a universal language spoken by the globe. Science and literature, on the other hand, are different languages. The effect of art defies time and is separate from one’s identity. Art saves all souls, both the simple and the most refined –
The Artist in an interview with Al Akhbar Newspaper, August 10, 1920