65
65

PROPERTY FROM THE ESTATE OF JAN KRUGIER

Julio González
FEMME ASSISE I
JUMP TO LOT
65

PROPERTY FROM THE ESTATE OF JAN KRUGIER

Julio González
FEMME ASSISE I
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Surrealist Art Evening Sale

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London

Julio González
1876 - 1942
FEMME ASSISE I
inscribed J. Gonzalez and lettered © H.C.
bronze
Height: 91.8cm.
45 7/8 in.
Executed in iron circa 1935 and cast in bronze in an edition of 2 plus 4 artist's casts in 1985.
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Provenance

Private Collection, Paris (acquired by 1987. Sold: Christie's, New York, 7th May 2003, lot 28)

Purchased at the above sale by the late owner

Exhibited

New York, Jan Krugier Gallery & Richard L. Feigen & Co., Drawing in Space, 2007-08, no. 18, illustrated in colour in the catalogue

Literature

Léon Degand, González, Amsterdam, 1956, no. 21, illustration of the iron version

Asmund Arle, González, Paletten, Gothenburg, 1957, illustration of the iron version p. 20

Pierre Restany, 'Julio González', in Art International, vol. 3, New York, 1959, nos. 3-4, illustration of the iron version p. 30

Poul Vad, 'Optegnelser af González', in Signum, vol. 2, Copenhagen, 1962, no. 1, illustration of the iron version p. 12

Carlos Antonio Arean, 'Julio González y le problematica de la esculture del siglo XX', in Cuardernos de arte del Ateneo de Madrid, vol. 60, Madrid, 1965, illustration of the iron version

Carlos Antonio Arean, '...and González in New York', in The Christian Science Monitor, Boston, 24th February 1969, illustration of the iron version

Pierre Descargues, Julio González, Paris, 1971, illustration of the iron version p. 21

Vicente Aguilera Cerni, Julio, Joan, Roberta González - Itinerario de una dinastia, Barcelona, 1973, no. 227, illustration of the iron version p. 270

Josephine Withers, Julio González, Sculpture in Iron, New York, 1978, no. 97, illustration of the iron version p. 80

Hilton Kramer, 'González', in The New York Times Magazine, March 1983, illustration of the iron version p. 44

Jörn Merkert, Julio González. Catalogue raisonné des sculptures, Milan, 1987, no. 203,  illustrations of the iron version pp. 216-217; the present cast listed p. 216

Catalogue Note

Julio González’s magnificent sculpture, Femme assise I, was originally conceived in iron in 1935. It was constructed from sheets of iron welded together to form a hollow, yet imposing structure. The present work was cast by the artist's daughter Roberta and her husband Hans Hartung in a small numbered edition from 1985 along with other examples of González's finest sculptures. The early 1930s were a period of enormous creativity in which González, working alongside Pablo Picasso, developed a revolutionary sense of spatial freedom in his sculpture. Femme assise I reflects the sophisticated aesthetic and dramatic abstraction for which the artist's sculptures are renowned. His well-known collaboration with Picasso certainly influenced González's approach to sculpture, however his concept of form differed from Picasso’s. While Picasso collaborated with González to transform his drawings into sculptures, González's own works are much more deeply involved with the process of developing form through the relation of three-dimensional parts.

Discussing González’s remarkable accomplishments, Margit Rowell commented: ‘González transformed the face of twentieth century sculpture from an art of representational images to an art of invention: an art of formally self-referential objects evoking ideas. A subway was no longer a model to be imitated but a theme on which to compose autonomous formal variations. A material was no longer a medium in the literal sense but the basic determinant of form. A technique was no longer relegated to the hands of a master craftsman or technician but remained in the hands of the artist alone. In fact, it was through the artist’s direct realization of his work – the direct forging of metals – that the new vision of sculpture as we know it today was born’ (M. Rowell in Julio González. A Retrospective Exhibition (exhibition catalogue), The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1983, p. 30).

Surrealist Art Evening Sale

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London