The present corpus forms part of a group of ivory corpora signed by Giovanni Antonio Gualterio, who produced works for a distinguished Roman clientèle that included then-Cardinal Ferdinando de'Medici. A strikingly similar Cristo Vivo, apparently dated 1614, was recorded in a Spanish private collection in 1975 (Estella Marcos, op. cit., figs 9 and 10). The haunting gaze and open mouth of the figure highlight the demand for heightened realism in Roman religious sculpture following the Council of Trent.
M.M. Estella Marcos, 'Un Cristo de marfil de Gualterius y otros dos ejemplares del maestro de la sigla JAG', Archivo español de arte, 1975, no. 48, pp. 133-136; E.D. Schmidt, 'Christ in the Counter Reformation. A signed and dated ivory by Giovanni Antonio Gualterio', Storia dell'arte, 2008, 118, no. 19, pp. 5-20