RELATED LITERATURE C. Avery and M. Hall, Giambologna. An Exhibition of Sculpture by the Master and his Followers, exh. cat. Salander-O'Reilly Galleries, New York, 1998, pp. 98-100, no. 33; C. Avery and A. Radcliffe, Giambologna 1529-1608: Sculptor to the Medici, exh. cat. Arts Council of Great Britain, London, 1978, p. 139, no. 96
Overall the condition of the bronze is good, with some dirt and wear to the surface consistent with age. There is rubbing and minor flaking to the lacquer patina, including to both legs at the back, the lower back, and the proper right wrist. There is some dark spotting to the surface at the back of the head. There are several minor nicks and scratches. There is some wear to the metal wire with which Christ is bound to the column.
The ebonised wood and black marble base is in good condition, with some dirt and wear. There is a loss to one of the bottom corners of the column. There are a few minor nicks to the wood. There are also a few chips and abrasions to the edges of the marble base, and in particular to two of its corners. "In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."