- Clara Peeters
- Slices of butter on a Wanli 'kraak' porcelain dish, a stack of cheese on a pewter plate, with a jug, a façon-de-Venise wineglass, a bun, crayfish on a pewter plate, a knife and shrimp on a table
- signed lower left: 'CLARA.PEETERS' and inscribed on the knife handle: SPES and FIDES
- oil on panel
- 16 by 22 3/4 in.; 40.8 by 57.9 cm.
By whom anonymously sold, London, Christie's, 12 December 2001, lot 6, for $715,258;
With Richard Green, London;
From whom purchased by Bernard Palitz.
While none of the so called “cheesestack” compositions are dated, Professor Hibbs Decoteau argues for a dating of the group to the 1620s and early 1630s, owing to their similarly low viewpoint, compressed compositional structure, and obvious iconographic similarities. When last sold, it was noted that Hibbs Decoteau considered the present example closest to the Westermann and Von Welie versions, noting though that the slightly less exaggerated viewing angle relates closest to the Westerman version, which she dates along with the present picture to the late 1620s. Of note in these works, visible especially in the Mauritshuis picture and here, is Peeters' inclusion of a self portrait on the metal top of the earthenware jug. She was among the first northern still life painters to begin the practice of including subtle self portraits in the reflections of object surfaces.
The knife in the foreground- a bruidsmessen- is included in no less than five of Peeters' paintings, ranging in date from 1611 to the 1630s1, and is a type which was widely produced in the Low Countries in the first quarter of the seventeenth century. They are generally thought to have served ceremonial functions at weddings, as most examples are engraved with a female recipient's name as well as a didactic motto. The present example, for instance, contains the words SPES and FIDES, an abbreviation of the Latin phrase ‘spes, amor et fides’, which translates to ‘hope, love, and assurance’. Examples of these ornamental knives are housed in the Rijksmuseum, the Musées Royaux des Beaux Arts, Brussels, and the Gemeentemuseum, The Hague.
Additionally, a number of the other objects painted here are repeated in other compositions by Peeters. Notably, the Venetian wineglass with butterfly stem is found in her Still life with seafood and wine (Poltava Art Museum, Hibbs Decoteau cat. no. 16); the pewter plate of crayfish (ibid., no. 16) and a still life of fish in the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Antwerp (ibid., no. 27); as well as the short ceramic Friesen/Westehall jug behind the stack of cheese (ibid., no. 29), and the still life with an artichoke in a private collection, Germany (ibid., no. 21).
1. Hibbs Decoteau 1992, cat. no. 29; Still life with a pie (Prado, Madrid); Still life with fruit and flowers in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (Hibbs Decoteau 1992, cat. no. 20); Still life with a pie (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and the former Richard Green "Cheesestack.")