41
41
Constant Troyon
FRENCH
A SEATED BASSET HOUND (UN BASSET ARTÉSIAN NORMAND, ASSIS)
Estimate
50,00070,000
JUMP TO LOT
41
Constant Troyon
FRENCH
A SEATED BASSET HOUND (UN BASSET ARTÉSIAN NORMAND, ASSIS)
Estimate
50,00070,000
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

19th Century European Art

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New York

Constant Troyon
1810 - 1865
FRENCH
A SEATED BASSET HOUND (UN BASSET ARTÉSIAN NORMAND, ASSIS)
signed C. Troyon and dated 1855 (lower right)
oil on canvas
45 1/2 by 37 1/2 in.
115.7 by 95. 2 cm
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We would like to thank Michel Schulman for kindly confirming the authenticity of this lot which will be included in his forthcoming Constant Troyon catalogue raisonné.

Provenance

Maurice Boudot-Lamotte (1878-1958), Paris
Thence by descent
Sale: Christie's, Paris, June 23, 2009, lot 138, illustrated

Catalogue Note

Beginning in 1854, Troyon made annual summer trips to the Touraine region of the Loire Valley to visit his friend and fellow artist, Léon Félix Loysel.  During these stays, he painted scenes of the hunting dogs who occupied Loysel’s vast kennels. The most well-known of the series depicts a game keeper leading several hounds into the woods (Musée d’Orsay, Paris). Our seated French basset hound, identifiable by its crooked front legs and its short, wiry, tri-or bi-colored coat, may have been one of the occupants of Loysel’s kennels who “sat” for Troyon during one of his visits.  At the same time, Troyon’s depiction is more akin to a portrait, an approach that is very different from his other known paintings of Loysel’s dogs.  In 1855, Troyon had exhibited eight paintings at the, Exposition Universelle, of which two had dogs as the subject.  Our basset hound, also painted in 1855, may have been the result of a private commission to paint a favorite dog, stemming from Troyon’s success at the Paris exhibition.

Like Troyon’s paintings of cows, his canine subjects can trace their lineage back to seventeenth century Dutch painting.   It was during a trip to Holland in 1846-1847 that Troyon discovered Dutch animal painters; especially Aelbert Cuyp and Paulus Potter and he may also have seen the monumental depictions of dogs by Frans Snyders.  But a more contemporary influence on Troyon may have been Gustave Courbet.  While Courbet’s repertoire of subjects was more varied than Troyon’s, Courbet was also an accomplished painter of animals and indeed one may argue that these two artists were the greatest French animal painters of the nineteenth century.  In 1855, Courbet was also in the spotlight, exhibiting eleven paintings at the Exposition Universelle and forty works in his Pavillon de Realism on the Avenue Montaigne.  While Courbet’s subjects would have been the initial attraction, it was more likely his bravura brushwork and paint application that intrigued a fellow “painterly” artist such as Troyon.  We can see Courbet’s influence in the coarse coat of Troyon’s basset hound and in the textures of the trees and foliage in the background.  If we did not know, we might assume we were in Ornans.

The present work formed part of the extensive collection of the painter Maurice Boudot-Lamotte (1878-1958), who exhibited landscapes, still-lifes and portraits at various Paris Salons in the early twentieth century.

19th Century European Art

|
New York