By descent to Aube Elléouët, André Breton's daughter
Galerie 1900-2000, Paris, 2000
Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, 2005
Jane Livingston, M Álvarez Bravo (Boston, 1978), pl. 27
A. D. Coleman, Aperture Masters of Photography: Manuel Álvarez Bravo (New York, 1987), pl. 13
Susan Kismaric, Manuel Álvarez Bravo (The Museum of Modern Art, 1997), fig. 11, p. 23
Manuel Álvarez Bravo: Photopoetry (San Francisco, 2008), p. 2
Revelaciones: The Art of Manuel Álvarez Bravo (Albuquerque, 1990), pl. 6
Manuel Álvarez Bravo, Cien Años, Cien Días (Madrid, 2001), pl. 29
Documentary & Anti-Graphic Photographs by Cartier-Bresson, Walker Evans & Manuel Álvarez Bravo (Göttingen, 2004), p. 85
Emily Edwards and Manuel Álvarez Bravo, Painted Walls of Mexico From Prehistoric Times Until Today (Austin and London, 1966), p. 154, pl. 125 (variant cropping)
The photograph offered here comes originally from the collection of André Breton, Surrealism’s founder and greatest impresario. Breton met Bravo in Mexico in 1938, by which time Bravo had already created a mature and extensive body of work. Breton was immediately impressed by Bravo’s images, seeing in them the kind of innate Surrealism he also saw in the work of Eugène Atget and Helen Levitt, and he became an active supporter of the photographer. In 1939, he asked Bravo to contribute photographs to his Mexique exhibition at Galerie Renou et Colle in Paris, where they were shown alongside paintings by Frida Kahlo, pre-Columbian sculpture, and Breton’s own collection of Mexican folk art. Breton reproduced a Bravo photograph on the cover of his book, Mexique. He included Bravo’s work in the 1940 Exposition International del Surrealismo, held in Mexico City; the exhibition’s catalogue cover featured a Bravo image. This exhibition, truly an international showcase, included work by Kahlo, Picasso, Marcel Duchamp, Jean Arp, Giorgio de Chirico, Meret Oppenheim, Hans Bellmer, Raoul Ubac, and others. Breton also collected Bravo’s work, and a number of his photographs were included in the historic 2003 sale of Breton’s estate.
An exhibition checklist indicates that Paisaje de Equitación (titled Paisaje y Galope elsewhere) was included in Bravo’s joint 1935 exhibition with Henri Cartier-Bresson at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City (cf. Documentary & Anti-Graphic Photographs by Cartier-Bresson, Walker Evans & Manuel Álvarez Bravo, p. 20). Bravo then sent this same group of photographs to the Julien Levy Gallery in New York City, where they formed part of Levy’s seminal exhibition, Documentary & Anti-Graphic: Photographs by Cartier-Bresson, Walker Evans, & Álvarez Bravo.
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