Book of Hours, Use of Paris, in Latin and French, illuminated manuscript on vellum [northern France (Paris), c.1520-30]
The text includes a Calendar (fols.1r-12v); the Gospel Sequences (fols.13r-18v); the Obsecro te (fols.19r-22r); the O intemerata (fols.22v-24v); the Stabat mater (fols.24v-26v); the Ave cuius prayer (fols.27r-28v); the Hours of the Virgin, with Matins (fols.29r-50v), Lauds (fols.50v-60v), Prime (fols.60v-65v), Terce (fols.66r-69r), Sext (fols.69v-72v), None (fols.73-76r), Vespers (fols.76v-82r), Compline (fols.82v-86v); the Penitential Psalms (fols.87r-104r), including a litany starting on fol.99r; the Hours of the Cross (fols.104v-107v); the Hours of the Holy Spirit (fols.108r-110v); the Office of the Dead (fols.111r-149v); and the Suffrages (fols.149v-158r).
The miniatures are painted by Jean Coene (also known as the Master of the Paris Entries), a prolific artist who was active in Paris for the French court under Louis XII (1498-1515) and François Ier (1515-47). He was originally named after the manuscripts he painted recording the royal entries into Paris of Mary Tudor in 1514 (London, British Library, Cotton MS.Vespasian B II) and Claude de France in 1517 (Paris, BnF., fr.5750), until his name was discovered in the painted frame on a leaf with the Crucifixion from a Missal, inscribed with ‘De Jos Coene’ (Leuchtendes Mittelalter, Neue Folge 1, 1997, ill. on p.320). He collaborated regularly with the Pichore workshop who dominated Parisian book illumination in the first decades of the sixteenth century (C. Zöhl, Jean Pichore, 2004). Although his compositions and figures are related to those of Pichore, he is easily distinguishable by characteristic faces with swollen eyes, pronounced red lips and his generous use of gold highlighting. His quick painting technique and the careful finish of his miniatures led him to be one of the most successful artists for a high-ranking clientele in early sixteenth-century Paris.
The large miniatures include: (1) fol. 13r, St. John on Patmos; (2) fol. 29r, the Annunciation; (3) fol. 60v, the Nativity of Christ; (4) fol. 66r, the Adoration of the Shepherds; (5) fol. 69v, the Adoration of the Three Magi; (6) fol. 73r, the Presentation in the Temple; (7) fol. 76v, the Flight into Egypt; (8) fol. 82v, the Coronation of the Virgin; (9) fol. 87r, David watching Bathsheba bathing; (10) fol. 104v, the Crucifixion of Christ; (11) fol. 108r, the Pentecost; (12) fol. 111r, Job on the Dungheap visited by his three Friends