28
28

PROPERTY OF A PRIVATE EUROPEAN COLLECTOR

Claude Monet
LE PONT JAPONAIS
Estimate
12,000,00018,000,000
LOT SOLD. 15,845,000 USD
JUMP TO LOT
28

PROPERTY OF A PRIVATE EUROPEAN COLLECTOR

Claude Monet
LE PONT JAPONAIS
Estimate
12,000,00018,000,000
LOT SOLD. 15,845,000 USD
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale

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New York

Claude Monet
1840 - 1926
LE PONT JAPONAIS
Stamped with the signature (lower right)
Oil on canvas
35 1/2 by 45 3/4 in.
90 by 116.3 cm
Painted 1918-24.
Read Condition Report Read Condition Report

Provenance

Estate of the artist

André Engran, Paris (circa 1940-1945)

L. Brolatti, Geneva (1945-1947)

Private Collection, Switzerland (by 1947 and until at least 1997)

Wildenstein Gallery, New York (1999)

Acquired from the above in 2004

Exhibited

Geneva, Musée de l'Athénée, De l'Impresionnisme à l'Ecole de Paris, 1960, no. 57

Geneva, Petit Palais, L'Art au service de la paix: XXVe anniversaire des Nations-Unies, 1970, no. 71, illustrated in the catalogue

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts & London, Royal Academy of Arts, Monet in the 20th Century, 1998, no. 78, illustrated in color in the catalogue

Munich, Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Monet and Modernism, 2001-02, illustrated in color in the catalogue

New York, Wildenstein Gallery, Claude Monet (1840-1926), A Tribute to Daniel Wildenstein and Katia Granoff, 2007, no. 59, illustrated in color in the catalogue

 Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum, 2010-12 (long-term loan)

Literature

Florent Fels, "L'Atelier de Claude Monet au musée de l'Orangerie," Formes, no. 15, Paris, May 1931, illustrated opposite p. 75 (photograph of the painting as seen in the artist's studio at Giverny)

Daniel Wildenstein, Monet, Catalogue raisonné, vol. IV, Cologne, 1996, no. 1921a, illustrated p. 919

M. Stevens, “From Relative Finish to Completed Work,” in Monet: Atti del Convegno, Conegliano, 2003, illustrated p. 162 

Catalogue Note

Monet's spectacular images of the Japanese bridge spanning the lily pond of his lush garden at Giverny of the most recognizable images of 20th century art.  These pictures capture the mystique of the meticulously-landscaped environment that served as Monet's inspiration during his later career.  The present picture, which is one of the most richly painted in the series, can be seen in a photograph of the artist's Giverny studio,  where it hangs in completion among other notable examples of the artist's late production.

Monet's bridge had powerful symbolic resonance when it was painted in the years after World War I.  As the bridge had been a symbol of progress for late 19th century artists, it was now also a signifier of the mending of nations and the joining of cultural forces.  Between 1918 and 1924 Monet seized upon the opportunity to lavish renewed attention on the bridge in his garden, using radical formal tactics that eliminate perspective, merge land with sky, and sky with water.  What he is attempting to suggest in the Japanese Bridges is the existence of a hybrid environment, a place where East becomes West through the powers of French culture and where nature becomes art through the Impressionist vision.

Monet constructed his Japanese bridge in the summer of 1893 on a newly-acquired plot of land where he was creating a pond irrigated by the Epte river.  Daniel Wildenstein noted that just a few days before purchasing the land, Monet had viewed a collection of prints by Utamaro and Hiroshige at Durand-Ruel’s gallery and this Asian aesthetic was clearly on his mind.   He first painted the bridge in 1895, but it was not until 1899 that he turned to the pond and bridge in a series of eighteen views, twelve examples of which were exhibited at Durand-Ruel in 1900.  Nearly two decades later, Monet returned to this subject again.  Between 1918 and 1924 he completed twenty-five views of the bridge, now radically abstracted amidst layers of paint.  These later pictures, which have often been credited as an inspiration for Abstract Expressionism in the second-half of the 20th century, were completed contemporaneously with his Grandes Décorations project and were stylistically related to this monumental undertaking.  When considered within the scope of the series, each of the Pont japonais pictures differ signficantly.  In some canvases, Monet would stay true to the colors of the actual scene, rendering flecks of white, green and mauve for the trails of wisteria that covered the railing and the balustrade. In others, he did little to differentiate the bridge from the pond, and his color choices were surprisingly daring.  The present composition is exceptional for its fine balance between abstraction and realism, enabling us to see the bridge clearly amidst the torrent of Monet's wildly expressive brushwork.

Paul Hayes Tucker provides an analysis of Monet's series of Japanese bridges, describing the artist's unorthodox approach to painting these pictures:  "The new Le pont japonais pictures were a throwback to his first engagement with this aquatic paradise, but now on radically different terms.  Completely disregarding artistic decorum, Monet lathered the surfaces of these canvases with thick, wet paint, making the liquid medium appear to seethe and dance as if fired by some unseen power.  These paintings are cauldrons of cacophonous color, trumpeting Monet's daring and abandonment, while asserting the value of the unknown over the secure, the reckless over the refined" (P. Hayes Tucker, Claude Monet, Late Work (exhibition catalogue), Gagosian Gallery, New York,  p. 36).

The present composition is one of the artist's most expressive renderings of the Japanese bridge.   Monet has lavishly applied his paint in the center of the canvas, while thinning it into washes in the corners.  His technique creates a peripheral recession, which is apparent even in the photograph of this painting hanging in the artist's Giverny studio. 

Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale

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New York