Lot 157
  • 157

A Caucasian "dragon" carpet

Estimate
20,000 - 30,000 USD
Sold
bidding is closed

Description

  • wool, cotton
  • approximately 14ft. by 6ft 4in. (4.27 by 1.93m.)

Provenance

Crocker Family

Catalogue Note

The design of ‘Dragon’ carpets consists of a field pattern composed of pointed, serrated leaves forming intersecting lozenges, which alternately contain palmettes and dragons or stylized animal figures. The most archaic of the ‘Dragon’ carpets include dragon motifs with birds and running animals relatively naturalistically drawn and either alone or in confronting pairs facing a tree. The Graf carpet, originally found in a Damascene mosque, now in the Islamiches Museum, Berlin, is thought to be the oldest example of this type, see Serare Yetkin, Early Caucasian Carpets in Turkey, Vol. II, London, 1978, p. 8, fig. 118. Animals in combat, and dragons less frequently, were popular motifs in late sixteenth and early seventeenth-century Persian courtly carpets and it is probable that Caucasian ‘Dragon’ carpets were modelled on these refined prototypes. 

Yetkin defines four types of 'Dragon' carpet: 'Archaic,' ‘Four-Dragon’, ‘Dragon and Phoenix’ and as a further combined development of the latter, the ‘Two-Dragon’ style. With its alternate rows of four lozenges containing a dragon figure, the present lot belongs to the 'Four-Dragon' group, whereas lot 160 is a 'Dragon and Phoenix' type. The carpet offered here is generally more angular and stylized in its drawing and representation of dragons, while lot 160 is more naturalistic and closer to the earlier 'Archaic' types, suggesting that the present carpet is slightly younger than lot 160.  

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