Cutting from the Gradual of Louis XII and Anne of Brittany, illuminated manuscript on vellum [Northern France (probably Paris), c.1500-10]
C. de Hamel, Gilding the Lilly, 2010, no.83, p.183.
This is a substantial cutting from the monumental and opulent choirbook commissioned by King Louis XII of France (reigned 1498-1515) and his second wife, Anne of Brittany (d.1499; duchess of Brittany, betrothed to Edward, the elder of the Princes in the Tower, then married to Maximilian of Austria, later renounced and married Charles VIII of France, and again after his death to his successor Louis). It must have been made for their royal chapel at Sainte-Chapelle in Paris, or perhaps her private chapel at Amboise or Blois. A handful of surviving miniatures and historiated initials (the most important showing the couple kneeling before the Crown of Thorns, now Nantes, Musée Dobrée, sold Les Enluminures, 1994, no.28) allow the identification of the artist as the Master of Philippe de Gueldres (fl. c.1500-10; Plummer, Last Flowering, 1982, pp.69-71).
The manuscript was evidently broken up by 1840, and cuttings were in the collections of A. Firmin-Didot (1790-1876), H.L. Curmer (1801-70) and Charles Sauvageot (1781-1860) and others. The peregrinations of the recorded fragments are traced by C. de Hamel (p.183). A complete leaf survives in Massachusetts, Wellesley College, MS.6 (de Ricci, Census, p.1068), preserving the original outer dimensions of 657mm. by 495mm.