Domus, vol. 443, October 1966, ill. no. 10 in the report on 'Sedie ad Amsterdam'
Sylvia van Schaik et al., Mondial: Gispen & Gerrit Th. Rietveld, Culemborg, 2006
Barbara Laan, André Koch, Collectie Gispen meubels, lampen en archivalia in het NAi 1916-1980, Rotterdam, 1997, pp. 125-126: explanation; illustration of a sketch for the World Exposition with armchairs in situ and a photograph of the exposition space with chairs without arms in situ; illustration of the prototype aluminium chair without arms and p. 62 for an illustration of the polyester version
Ed van Hinte, Wim Rietveld Industrieel Ontwerper, Rotterdam, 1996, pp. 26, 63-66: explanation; (illustrated) and the chair without arms
Peter Vöge, The Complete Rietveld Furniture, Rotterdam, 1993, pp. 158 & 159, no. 344 (illustrated)
Marijke Kper, Ida van Zijl, Gerrit Th. Rieveld 1888-1964 Het volledige werk, Centraal Museum Utrecht, 1992, p. 285, no.532 and pp. 291-292, no. 544
Peter Vöge, Bab Westerveld, Stoelen Nederlandse ontwerpen 1945-1985, Amsterdam, 1986, pp. 102-103, no. 101, polyester version illustrated
Items, 16/1985, Openbaar Kunstbezit, Goed van Vorm, Solide en Goedkoop, pp. 10-17; explanation; illustration of chair without arms Haro Plantenga, G.Th. Rieveld, Stedelijk Museum Museum, Amsterdam, 198, p. 28, no. 98,99, polyester version illustrated
Daniele Baroni, The Furniture of Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, New York, 1978, p. 159, no. 66
The Mondial chair was designed by Gerrit and Wim Rietveld for the Dutch Pavillion of the World's Fair, Brussels, of 1958. As Wim Rietveld acknowledges "[My father] had a good eye for shapes and proportions, while I was good on the technical side. So he was the designer and I was the one who made it" (van Schaik op. cit., p. 9).
The Mondial was produced by the Dutch firm Gispen, where Wim Rietveld had worked as an industrial designer since 1953. Two prototypes (one with and one without armrests) were made with aluminium seats but Gispen decided to replace this material with polyester to enhance its durability. After winning a gold medal at the Milan Triennale in 1957, the chair was marketed as being available with five colour seats but was destined to be only in production for a short time and in limited numbers.
In the event, only 5 Mondial chairs (in white) were used for the World's Fair. The chair was in production for a short period of time and a former Gispen employee puts the number made at just 250. At the current time far fewer are known and under 20 are currently located. Other examples are in the permanent collections of the Stedelijk Museum (Amsterdam) and the Centraal Museum (Utrecht).
This lot is sold together with a copy of the above text by van Sylvia Schaik.
Sotheby's would like to thank Peter Wever, co-author of the chapter 'The Mondial: Rietveld's chair for the world' in Van Schaik (op.cit.), for examining the chairs and his assistance with the cataloguing of this lot.
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