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PROPERTY FROM AN IMPORTANT EUROPEAN COLLECTION

Wassily Kandinsky
PARK VON ST CLOUD - MIT REITER (PARK OF ST CLOUD - WITH HORSEMAN)
Estimate
350,000450,000
LOT SOLD. 1,161,250 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
1

PROPERTY FROM AN IMPORTANT EUROPEAN COLLECTION

Wassily Kandinsky
PARK VON ST CLOUD - MIT REITER (PARK OF ST CLOUD - WITH HORSEMAN)
Estimate
350,000450,000
LOT SOLD. 1,161,250 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale

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London

Wassily Kandinsky
1866-1944
PARK VON ST CLOUD - MIT REITER (PARK OF ST CLOUD - WITH HORSEMAN)
signed Kandinsky (lower right); signed Kandinsky and inscribed Parc St Cloud on the reverse
oil on board
33 by 23.7cm.
13 by 9 3/8 in.
Painted in 1906.
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Provenance

Nina Kandinsky (by descent from the artist)
I. Schenkein, New York
Jan Ahlers, Herford (acquired by mid-1980s)
Private Collection, Germany (acquired from the above. Sale: Christie's, London, 4th February 2002, lot 36)
Galerie Cazeau-Béraudière, Paris
Acquired from the above by the present owner

Exhibited

Paris, Galerie Maeght, Kandinsky 1900-1910, 1951, no. 26
Copenhagen, Statens Museum for Kunst, Wassily Kandinsky, 1957, no. 7
Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Fondation Maeght, Kandinsky Centenaire, 1966, no. 7, illustrated in colour in the catalogue
Munich, Haus der Kunst, Wassily Kandinsky, 1976-77, no. 14, illustrated in the catalogue
Dresden, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden-Albertinum, Expressionistische Bilder, Sammlung Firmengruppe Ahlers, 2000, illustrated in colour in the supplement to the catalogue

Literature

Will Grohmann, Wassily Kandinsky, Life and Work, London, 1959, no. 557, illustrated p. 395
Hans K. Roethel & Jean K. Benjamin, Kandinsky, Catalogue Raisonné of the Oil Paintings, 1900-1915, London, 1982, vol. I, no. 169, illustrated p. 177

Catalogue Note

The motif of the horse and rider plays a central role in the symbolic world and iconography of Kandinsky's œuvre. The subject first appeared in a 1901 tempera work titled Dämmerung (Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus) and again in 1903 in the oil painting Der Blaue Reiter in which a rider in a blue cloak is depicted galloping on a white horse. Taking his inspiration from the ubiquitous images of St. George with a lance fighting the dragon which appeared in the icons and folk art of his native Russia, Kandinsky embraced the theme as an allegory of artistic and romantic struggle and yearning. Indeed the artist saw the noble rider as a kind of spiritual ambassador and protector and in 1912 chose his woodcut Der Blaue Reiter for the cover of the eponymous Almanach, which espoused the aesthetic ideals of his artistic circle.


Painted in 1906, Park von St. Cloud – mit Reiter is a wonderful example of the transitional period in Kandinsky's œuvre, introducing a style of painting that prefigures the artist's development towards abstraction. Kandinsky travelled to Paris where he lived at no. 12, rue des Ursulines for a short period during the summer months of 1906, finding endless artistic inspiration in the charm of the city's parks and its surroundings. The picturesque scenery of the park and the artist's new environment gave his work a renewed dynamism. The liberty taken with colour by the Fauve painters, whose works Kandinsky had seen in Paris in the 1905 Salon d'Automne, had been a revelation, pointing the way towards the invention of a pictorial language that would free painting from the object.

 

The artist's use of strong, defined colour planes and thick impasto paint in the present work reflect the changing and increasingly important role of colour in his work. As Will Grohmann wrote: 'Colour becomes increasingly crucial [...] This was the direction of development. The painter distributes and links the colours, combines them and differentiates them as if they were beings of a specific character and special significance. As in music, the materials now come to the fore, and in this respect Kandinsky stands between Mussorgsky and Scriabin. The language of colour – just as in the composers – calls for depth for fantasy; and Kandinsky's art will henceforward depend increasingly on its own resources' (W. Grohmann, op. cit., pp. 60-61).

Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale

|
London