Lot 197
  • 197

Joyce, James. Autograph manuscript of the 'Eumaeus' episode of "Ulysses"

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Joyce, James. Autograph manuscript of the 'Eumaeus' episode of "Ulysses"

A heavily revised and substantially complete early working draft of the "Eumaeus" chapter, a largely continuous and fluent text written in Joyce's cursive and 'personal' hand in black ink (the earliest hand), with extensive revisions, insertions and additional passages, some interlinear, but the majority drafted in the margin or on facing (previously blank) pages, sometimes lengthwise, in (chiefly later hands of) red, black and green ink and pencil, every page heavily "deleted" by the author in characteristic fashion with large crosses in red or blue crayon or pencil; written in a small lined exercise book, a pencil inscription (possibly in Joyce's hand) on the first page: "Miss Collins, 18 r. Michodiere, 18 de la Sourdiere (rue S Honore,--" [possibly the name and address of the typist used to type up the subsequent 'fair copy']

48 pages, text written on 44 pages, 4 pages blank, 24 leaves, 8vo (c.210 x 153mm.), with narrow white silk bookmark, purple paper wrappers with label lettered "EUMEO"' modern white vellum folder lettered in gilt, in slipcase, [some portions possibly Trieste, between 1916 and 3 July 1920; other portions and many revisions and markings, Paris, summer and autumn of 1920]

each leaf with a single vertical fold, central staples rusted and with marks in margin, small tear up to 15mm. at foot of some pages in margin, minor staining to edges of upper margin of outer leaves, central eight-page section detached from staples, small holes or tears in four leaves with no loss of text, minor soiling or fingermarks (probably from authorial use)

an early draft of this episode-which hugh kenner has described as "the book's most profound tribute to its hero, ulysses''-written before the extensive implementation of its rhetorical and stylistic structure.

a previously unknown autograph draft of one of the closing episodes of 'ulysses'. This is an extraordinary and highly important literary discovery, constituting the prolific re-working of an early state of the text, with extensive and substantive differences compared to the later Rosenbach "fair copy" manuscript (which was probably composed from the present draft, MS V.A.21 and possibly others) and subsequent published editions. it is also the only known complete early draft of 'eumaeus' to have come to light and is one of the earliest complete working drafts of any 'ulysses' episode.

[For a fuller description of this lot, see separate catalogue]