Impressionist & Modern Art Day Sale
06 February 2014 | London
‘The first thing you have to do is look – voir, c’est savoir – take everything in with the eye, like a musical composition,’ wrote Jan Krugier. ‘Let art open your mind rather than close it. You must see the quality – the side of the art inhabited by the artist. I have seen the worst in human beings. In art I am looking for the best – to see what transcends time.’
Jan Krugier’s life was a magnificent testament to the redemptive power of art. Born into a Jewish art collecting family in Poland in 1928, he was a boy when the Second World War broke out, and was captured by the Nazis while a courier for the Polish resistance in 1943. He escaped from a train to Treblinka and spent about eight months in the forests, until he was found in the snow at the end of 1943. Eventually he endured Treblinka, as well as Auschwitz-Birkenau, Dora-Nordhausen and Bergen-Belsen. ‘From a world of death, I came back to the living,’ he recalled. He was the only member of his family to survive the war.
Jan Krugier, photograph by Sarah Dunn.© Sarah Dunn/Contour by Getty Images
© Succession Picasso/DACS, London 2014.
In 1945 he was taken under the wing of a family in Switzerland, through whom he discovered a new hope for the future. He met the philosopher Martin Buber in Locarno and elected to pursue painting as his vocation, enrolling at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich. Art became for him a profound source of inspiration: ‘I discovered very young that there is a cohabitation of good and evil in human beings. I try to find something which sublimates this in the art I surround myself with. That is why I keep looking for the “to be or not to be” in art.’
In 1947 he moved to Paris and rented Soutine’s studio. He spent summers in the Engadine mountains to paint, and on one of these trips he met Alberto Giacometti, whose studio in Stampa was close to his atelier in Majola. They became friends and when Krugier took a studio at the Cité Falguière in Paris, Giacometti was a frequent visitor and became a valued confidant. After some time Giacometti confessed that he thought painting was too agonising for Krugier and that he should instead become an advisor and open a gallery as an art dealer. Krugier followed his friend’s encouragement and became a consultant to private Swiss collectors. In 1962 he opened Galerie Krugier & Cie in Geneva, which was soon followed by the opening of a gallery in New York. Over five decades his galleries set a remarkable benchmark and the quality, intelligence, sensitivity and unexpected juxtapositions of the shows they staged became legendary.
Among Jan Krugier’s manifold achievements, his involvement with the work of Pablo Picasso is perhaps the best known. Krugier had met Picasso in 1947 when he himself was a young artist: ‘I was invited to Picasso’s studio in the south of France, thanks to Spanish friends who had been with me in the concentration camps. But I was so anxious, so nervous. Picasso was very kind with me, but he had such a look, such a powerful expression.’ Following Picasso’s death in 1973, Krugier was contacted by Marie-Thérèse Walter, Picasso’s longtime lover and muse. They forged a bond characterised by integrity and kindness, and subsequently Marie-Thérèse entrusted him to oversee her collection. In the fall of 1973 in Geneva, Krugier organised the first Picasso exhibition after the artist’s death, showing works belonging to Marie-Thérèse.
Works from Jan Krugier’s collection in his private residence
In 1976 Marina Picasso, the artist’s granddaughter, also asked Krugier to advise her and he became the sole agent for her share of her grandfather’s estate. Krugier set about arranging a world tour of the Marina Picasso Collection, which traveled to museums in Munich, Frankfurt, Cologne, Zurich, Venice, Tokyo, Melbourne, Sydney and Miami between 1981 and 1986. He also presented the Marina Picasso Collection at his galleries in New York and Geneva in 1986, 1987 and 1989, and organised the selection and sale of certain works to benefit the Marina Picasso Foundation. Thanks to the resulting sales, the Foundation established an orphanage in Vietnam alongside numerous other philanthropic endeavors.
Over many decades Jan Krugier was committed to the highest ideals in the understanding and appreciation of the arts. He was devoted to art and to sharing what he found with others. His incomparable knowledge was the result of a boundless curiosity and a disregard of convention. His imagination was captivated by Antiquities and Contemporary paintings, Renaissance drawings and Cubist collage, Tribal sculptures and paradigms of the Enlightenment. His inspirational role as a connoisseur of both art and humanity was recognised by the French nation in 1996 when he was made Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres.
One of Jan Krugier’s greatest achievements was the private collection that he and his wife Marie-Anne Krugier- Poniatowski put together from the early 1970s onwards. As he described it, ‘Marie-Anne and I began gathering works on paper by artists of all periods, their common denominator being an intrinsic timeless quality, a same universal, unique approach to the world and to things. It is also, somehow, an inner voyage, an ardent quest and a summing up of our tastes and our artistic aspirations.’
It is Sotheby’s enormous privilege to be selling works from Krugier’s private collection. As the present catalogue documents, it contains a succession of works of superb quality. It is a fitting tribute to a life that began in the darkest tragedy and was redeemed by the sublime power of art.
Futher works from the Private Collection of Jan Krugier will be offered in the Impressionist & Modern Art Evening sale on 5th February (lots 1–37).
Exhibitions of the Private Collection of Jan Krugier & Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski
The majority of lots 101-183 were included in a series of celebrated exhibitions of Jan Krugier and Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski’s private collection. These exhibitions were held in the following locations and are cited in shortened form hereafter. Unless otherwise stated all works included in these exhibitions were illustrated in their respective catalogues:
Berlin, Krugier/Poniatowski Collection, 1999
Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin - Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Linie, Licht und Schatten. Meisterzeichnungen und Skulpturen der Sammlung Jan und Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski, 1999
Venice, Krugier/Poniatowski Collection, 1999
Venice, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, The Timeless Eye. Master Drawings from the Jan and Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski Collection, 1999
Madrid, Krugier/Poniatowski Collection, 2000
Madrid, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Miradas sin Tiempo. Dibujos, Pinturas y Esculturas de la Coleccion Jan y Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski, 2000
Paris, Krugier/Poniatowski Collection, 2002
Paris, Musée Jacquemart-André, La Passion du Dessin. Collection Jan et Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski, 2002
Vienna, Krugier/Poniatowski Collection, 2005
Vienna, Albertina, Goya bis Picasso. Meisterwerke der Sammlung Jan Krugier und Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski, 2005
Munich, Krugier/Poniatowski Collection, 2007
Munich, Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Das Ewige Auge - Von Rembrandt bis Picasso. Meisterwerke der Sammlung Jan Krugier und Marie-Anne Krugier-Poniatowski, 2007