The Darya-i-Nur

The Darya-i-Nur, meaning ‘Sea of Light’, pale pink, weighing 175 to 195 carats (the mounting makes ascertaining an exact weight impossible), inscribed in Persian on one of the pavilion facets, ‘The Sultan, Shahib Qiram, Fath Ali Shah, Qajar 1250 [1834]’. It was pillaged from Delhi in 1739 and is currently in the treasure vaults of the Central Bank of Iran in Tehran, having formed part of the Iranian Crown Jewels.

The Noor-ol-Ain

The Noor-ol-Ain, meaning ‘Light of the Eye’, pale pink, weighing approximately 60 carats, and like the Darya-i-Nur likely cut from the Great Table diamond in the second half of the 19th century. It is the central stone in this tiara, created by Harry Winston for the Empress Farah Pahlavi on the occasion of her wedding to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, in 1958. It is also currently in the treasure vaults of the Central Bank of Iran.

The Agra

The Agra, named after the celebrated city of the Taj Mahal, it is first noted as having belonged to Mogul Emperor, Babur, in 1526. It was recut in the 19th century to a 32.24 carat, light pink, cushion-shaped stone. Since its sale at auction in London, in June 2000, it was again recut to a 28,15 carat fancy intense pink diamond.

The Graff Pink

The Graff Pink, currently the world record holder for the most valuable diamond or gemstones ever sold at auction, a 24.78 carat, fancy intense pink diamond, sold at Sotheby’s Geneva in November 2010. Purchased by Laurence Graff.

This information on historic pink diamonds is compiled from John M. King et al., "Characterization and Grading of Natural-Color Pink Diamonds", Gems & Gemology, Summer 2002, page 130, and Ian Balfour, Famous Diamonds, Antique Collectors' Club, 2008.