in French, about Garibaldi and Italy's part in his planned insurrections during the spring of 1864, describing Garibaldi as a simple man but a great statesman, exuding an air of serenity like all Italian patriots, naturally grand but without any affectation ("un homme très simple, naturellement grand et sans aucune affectation"); he reports the dissension between Garibaldi and the government, predicts that Italy is prepared to play an active part in the risings, but that negotiations between the government and the popular movement is going to be difficult
3 pages, 8vo (c.21.5 x 13.5cms), Florence, 3 February 1864
...je crains que les plus grandes difficultés deviennent du coté du gouvernement qui a trop offensé Garibaldi pour ne pas le redresser et qui s'en défie surtout d'après sa réconciliation avec Mazzini. Vous avez lu la proclamation où Garibaldi annonce l'établissement d'un comité central d'action...
Mikhail Bakunin developed his revolutionary ideas and anarchist methodology while in Italy. He had been greatly impressed by Garibaldi's exploits in Sicily and in 1862 had written asking him to help foment insurrections in Russia. Bakunin moved to Italy in January 1864 and conceived the idea of a secret revolutionary movement uniting workers from various countries into an International Brotherhood involved in direct action. In this letter he expounds on the Italian contribution to his planned insurrections that year. Carl Vogt was a German scientist who espoused pro-French and anti-Prussian views. However he was suspected of being a spy for Napoleon III.
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